Achieving an Information System's Capability through C2

Achieving an Information System's Capability through C2

Ana C. Calderon (Department of Computing and Information Systems, Cardiff Metropolitan Univesrity, Cardiff, UK) and Peter Johnson (Department of Computer Science, University of Bath, Bath, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/IJISCRAM.2015010105
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The authors present a literature review of command and control, linking sociological elements of academic research to military research in a novel way. They will discuss task modeling literature (seen in human machine interaction studies), general aspects of collectives and military and academic research on command and control, studies of autonomous systems and considerations of interactions between humans and autonomous agents. Based on the survey and associations between aspects from these fields, the authors compose a recommendation list for aspects crucial to building of information systems capable of achieving their true capability, through command and control.
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Synchronization In Collectives

(Kalloniatis, 2010) studies a system’s ability to achieve self-synchronization, focusing on the mathematics underlying this ability. This is a key concept to agility observed in animal collectives and collective intelligence and this work gives a mathematical framework in which to discuss synchronization behaviour phenomena crucial to collectives. It is interesting to note that even with a strictly mathematical view, abstracted away from the human factors in command, the author observes, through simulations, the existence of an intermediate step, between incoherence and synchronization, in those cases the networks showed periodic behaviours. The definition of collectives taken are similar to those in (Moffat, 2011); collectives are incoherent systems that on some occasions synchronize, hence this synchronization is crucial to achieving command by intent (Moffat, 2011) which we will go into further subsequently.

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