AI and Neuroeconomics: New Conceptual Models for Old-Fashioned Philosophical Problems

AI and Neuroeconomics: New Conceptual Models for Old-Fashioned Philosophical Problems

Ernesto D'Avanzo (University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/IJSEUS.2018040104

Abstract

This article describes how Plato proposed the dualistic solution to the mind-body problem, providing an explanation along the lines of his epistemology. Francis Bacon, in 1600, formulated his vision of the scientific method that will be valid until the 1960's when Karl Popper proposed his version, entering into controversy with the Lord Chancellor. Thanks to recent developments in artificial intelligence and computational neuroscience these problems have new empirical tools to be analyzed. An interesting aspect of this research program, better known as neuroeconomics, is the use it makes of the probability calculation tool for dealing with so-called decisions under uncertainty. The paper is an attempt to tell the birth, development, and some examples of these toolboxes, available to all those who want to apply them to improve knowledge inspired organizations.
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2. Laplace’S Demon: An Omniscient Intellect

Allen Downey, in his Think Complexity (2012), begins a famous passage written by Pierre-Simon Marquis of Laplace, in which the French scientist, inspired by his discoveries in mathematics and astronomy, argues that “the present state of the universe can be considered as the effect of its past and the cause of its future”. For Laplace, an “intellect” aware of “all the forces that set in motion the nature”, “of the positions of all objects whose nature is composed” well, for such an intellect, “wide to suffice to be able to analyze all these data”, “nothing would be uncertain and the future, just like the past, would be evident in his eyes”.

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