An Exploratory Study of the Current State of Career Development for Project Managers in the IT and Other Industries

An Exploratory Study of the Current State of Career Development for Project Managers in the IT and Other Industries

Yang Fan (Department of Global Management & Strategy, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC, USA), Michael Thomas (Department of Global Management & Strategy, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC, USA) and Yishi Wang (Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of North Carolina, Wilmington, NC, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/ijitpm.2014070102

Abstract

Critical to project success and job satisfaction of project managers is effective Human Resource Management (HRM). The temporary nature of projects has changed the traditional career paths for project managers and the way project-oriented companies prioritize their motivation tactics. By conducting a survey to explore a general pattern of employers' HRM practices in different industries regarding the project management career, this paper presents the fact that most employers prefer on-job training to organizational career path in motivating and retaining project manager and that there is no difference between IT industry and other industries in terms of the extent of use of on-job training and the organizational career path. These findings contribute to an in-depth understanding of the project management career path and suggest that project managers be proactive in adjusting to change in the workplace by being more autonomous in their career development decisions based on the larger work environment.
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Literature Review

This section examines the literature relating to organizational career path and on-the-job training and development programs. It defines them and differentiates their roles in different contexts before examining how the dynamic environment affects HR policy as it relates to employability development for project managers.

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