An Investigation into Using Flipped Classroom Model in an Academic Writing Class in Vietnam

An Investigation into Using Flipped Classroom Model in an Academic Writing Class in Vietnam

Nhat Quang Nguyen (Banking University Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam), Kean Wah Lee (School of Education, The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Malaysia), Dung Ngoc Phuong Nguyen (Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam) and Sivabala Naidu (Taylor's College, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/IJCALLT.2019010103

Abstract

Taking cognizance of challenges of 21st century learning and the ubiquitous technologies available, a course applying flipped classroom model with a detailed combination of in-class and out-of-class activities was utilized to teach an academic writing module. The study aimed to (1) find out the effects of flipped classroom model towards improving learners' writing achievements and (2) investigate learners' attitudes towards this approach. 40 English-major freshmen at the Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam participated in the study during the second semester of the 2016-2017 academic year. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected to ensure the reliability as well as the validity of the results. Analysis of this data revealed that this model was beneficial as it not only improved learners' performance in the final exam but also brought about positive attitudes towards the learning process. Finally, suggestions on how the model could be improved and better utilized are also discussed so that positive learning outcomes in academic essay writing could be obtain
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2. Framework And Procedure

The framework of this study is built upon 2 main cores: Technology as a mediational tool for out-of-class activities and Learning theory applying discourse approach for in-class instructions. Figure 1 illustrates the relationship between these parts as follows.

Figure 1.

Framework of the study

IJCALLT.2019010103.f01

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