An Investigation of Educational Use of Information and Communication Technology from the Perspectives of Ghanaian Students

An Investigation of Educational Use of Information and Communication Technology from the Perspectives of Ghanaian Students

Charles Buabeng-Andoh (Pentecost University College, Accra, Ghana)
DOI: 10.4018/IJICTE.2017070104
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to study undergraduate students' acceptance and use of ICT in classrooms. A total of 361 students from four universities participated in the study. Survey questionnaires which comprised both closed-ended and open-ended questions were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, repeated-measures of Analysis of variance and multiple regression were used to analyze the findings. The study revealed that students use technology for personal purposes rather than for instructional purposes. Despite, students' high acceptance of technology, their technology integration into learning has remained low. The analysis showed that students believing that technology can improve their relationship with other students significantly contributed to their acceptance of technology in schools. Understanding students' acceptance and their experiences of technology use offer insights into their integration of technology into learning.
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Theoretical Framework

A review of previous studies revealed that the technology acceptance model (TAM) was widely used to study users’ acceptance of the new technology. The TAM has gained great respect in the information technology and information system studies (Davis, 1989). Davis used TAM to explain the determinants of user acceptance of a broad spectrum of end-user computing. In TAM, two belief constructs, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use influence users’ intentions to use technology. Perceived usefulness is the extent to which a person believes that using a particular system would enhance his or her job performance. Perceived ease of use is the extent to which a person believes that using a particular system would be free of effort. While it is likely that users may perceive a technology to be useful, at the same time, they may perceive its use to be difficult. In other words, the performance benefits of the technology outweigh the efforts of adopting it (Davis, 1989). Attitude toward use is hypothesized to affect intention to use, which in turn affect actual usage behavior.

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