An Outlook Architecture: Protocols and Challenges in IoT and Future Trends

An Outlook Architecture: Protocols and Challenges in IoT and Future Trends

Kajal Patel, Mihir Mehta
Copyright: © 2023 |Pages: 20
DOI: 10.4018/IJSI.315744
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The internet of things (IoT) has recently received much attention due to its revolutionary potential. The internet of things facilitates data interchange in a large number of possible applications, including smart transportation, smart health, smart buildings, and so on. As a result, these application domains can be grouped to form smart life. In response to the IoT's rapid growth, cybercriminals and security professionals are racing to keep up. Billions of connected devices can exchange sensitive information with each other. As a result, securing IoT and protecting users' privacy is a huge concern. A session for communication in a network is established by authenticating and validating the device's identity and checking whether it is a legal device. The IoT technology can be used for various applications only if challenges related to IoT security can be overcome.
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Overview Of Iot

Through IoT, physical and cyber worlds are connected by things that participate and share information. In recent years, researchers and organizations have attempted to define IoT. According to (Zhou et al., 2019, IoT is:

The seamless integration of physical objects into information network and where actual things might take part in the economic process as active participants.

IoT is crucial for creating solutions for future problems, according to Kevin Ashton, the creator of the word IoT. He defines the Internet of Things as computers that sense the actual world on their own and for themselves, allowing information about things in the real world to be accessed over the Internet. According to a UN report, a modern concept of accessibility is beginning, in which internet users will number in the billions, and humans will become the minority in terms of data creation and consumption (Tahsien et al., 2020).

A further interesting definition of IoT comes from the ITU's Telecommunication Standardization Sector which adds virtual things to the definition and defines IoT as:

A global platform for the information society that enables advanced services through the interconnection of (physical and virtual) things based on existing and evolving interoperable information and communication technologies.

IBM approaches the IoT in different ways, broadening the idea of IoT to an interconnect system instead of linking specific things, resulting in a smart plant in which things are integrated with advanced devices (Ghani et al., 2019). However, these definitions have one thing in common: IoT refers to the system of interactions between physical objects and the cyber world.

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