Analysis of Employability Skill Gap in Information Technology Professionals

Analysis of Employability Skill Gap in Information Technology Professionals

Rajnish Kumar Misra (Jaypee Business School, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida, India) and Khushbu Khurana (Jaypee Business School, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology Noida, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJHCITP.2018070104

Abstract

This article delves into exploring and listing the skills required to get employment and for enhancing the employability of information technology professionals in India. The present article focuses on the perception of employers and students (engineering graduates) in order to identify the need and importance of employability skills in Indian IT companies. A checklist had been prepared after reviewing the relevant literature on employability skills. The result highlights that the respondents differ in perception on various skills. These skills are learnability, reasoning, reliability, adaptability, flexibility, loyalty, resourceful, proactive, gratitude, interpersonal skills, creative thinking, persuasiveness, networking, job-seeking, business fundamental, and willingness to work. While on some skills there seems to be no significant difference. However, the skills where there are differences in perception need immediate attention so that remedial measures are initiated. The implications of this article will be helpful in guiding both industry and academia in incorporating and enhancing the employability skills among professionals.
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2. Literature Review

ILO (2008) observed that employability is an outcome of several factors for example core skills, access to education, availability of training opportunities, motivation, ability and facilitation to avail opportunities for acquiring skills that are important in gaining work, managing organizations to handle new technologies and evolving markets. Nevertheless, skill development is required not only for employability of individuals rather it is equally needed for improving the working conditions of workers, to increase organizations’ productivity and sustainability (ILO, 2008).

Furthermore, productivity of an individual is dependent on number of factors in any organization. In context of an IT professional, Hernández-López, Colomo-Palacios, Soto-Acosta, & Lumberas (2015) highlighted in their research work, where they described about productivity measurement. In IT industry the elements of productivity are classified into input, outputs and other factors, where inputs are time and work management, requirements, experience, education and training, and outputs includes documentation, product, quality, team management, project enhancement and maintenance, learning-by-doing, founded solutions, resolution of doubts and sales are measured. They further emphasized that besides inputs and outputs, some other factors are required to be measured in order to improve productivity of individual’s. Based on the above study, it can be subsumed that the other factor may include employability skills.

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