Analysis of the Exploitation Structures and Land Management in Romania vs. European Union

Analysis of the Exploitation Structures and Land Management in Romania vs. European Union

Turek Rahoveanu Adrian (University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania), Stoian Elena (University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania) and Turek Rahoveanu Maria Magdalena (University “Dunarea de Jos” Galati, Galaţi, Romania)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 8
DOI: 10.4018/ijsem.2013100104
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Abstract

Romanian agriculture has undergone a long process of transition from command to market economy and adaptation mechanisms of the common agricultural market integration in the European structures and the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Romanian agriculture is uneven in terms of mining structures and their dual nature is emphasized to the vast majority of Member States of the European Union. Although some progress has been made to maintain a disproportionately large number of individual farms, small and very small bad, as a small number of large and very large units whose activity was not restructured to become compatible with market requirements unique. CAP reform is in process, so that after 2013 to simplify the mechanisms and to adapt to new realities imposed by sustainable growth and competitiveness of European agriculture. Romania will be able to benefit from the opportunities offered by future CAP and apply toolbox towards developing the agricultural sector, including strengthening agricultural exploitations, as the main source of support to the sector will be represented by European funds.
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Farms In Romania Vs. European Union

With a utilized agricultural area of 13.3 million hectares (representing 55.8% of Romania), according to RGA, 2011, Romania has significant agricultural resources. Although there are areas of UAA classified as less favored, soil conditions are particularly favorable agricultural production activities in southern and western regions of the country. Most of the utilized agricultural area is arable (8.3 million ha), followed by pasture and hay (4.5 million ha), permanent crops (0.3 million ha) and family gardens (0.2 million ha).

Viewed overall, EU agriculture is characterized by a continuous trend of decrease in the number of farms remained in the 70s (the 5.8 million EU-9 1975 declined to 2.6 million EU-15 in 2007), then with the expansion of the EU-27 the number of holdings increased substantially reaching 2010-12.24million EU-28 (Luca and Giurcă, 2012).

According to Eurostat statistics (Eurostat, 2013) in the EU-28 there are a number of 12.248 thousandfarms. These farms use an area of 174.1 million hectares, average farm is 14.2 ha (Table 1).

Table 1.
Number of farms and agricultural area (UAA), size class, EU-28 round Romania
Total<2 ha2-5 ha5-10 ha10-20 ha20-30 ha30-50 ha50-100 ha> 100 ha
Number of Farms According to their Size
EU-2812247990601839024740301337660916 570382 560399 160393 890325 820
100%49.1%20.2%10.9%7.5%3.1%3.3%3.2%2.7%
EN38590402866440727 390182 4404361097308210748013730
100%74.3%18.8%4.7%1.1%0.3%0.2%0.2%0.4%
Agricultural Area (UAA), Depending on the Size of Farms
EU-28174115580430164078105209368890128516109323600154296402760544087424210
100%2.5%4.5%5.4%7.4%5.4%8.9%15.9%50.2%
EN13306130171836022299301210510571 390233 850315 400518 3006508390
100%12.9%16.8%9.1%4.3%1.7%2.4%3.9%48.9%

Source: Eurostat (online date code: ef_kvaareg)

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