Approaches on Physical Education Management and Sports Lessons

Approaches on Physical Education Management and Sports Lessons

Finichiu Marin (Petroleum-Gas University, Ploiești, Romania)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/IJSEM.2018100102

Abstract

Physical and sports education, as an institutionalized activity, involves choosing from the multitude and variety of exercises of the most effective and appropriate methods and forms that are based on perceptions, pedagogical, physiological and hygienic criteria according to age, sex and educational objectives. An unmistakable reality in the life of the university youth, physical education activity involves a multitude of manifestations and a large number of gifted students, willing to advance their physical condition, motor capacities and motor experience in current and systematic practice of the physical education lessons or through the organization system of the student sporting competitions. The practice of exercising has as its objective, regardless of the place, the way or the methods used, the learning, formation, consolidation or improvement of the concerned skills and motor skills. Physical and sport education addresses predominantly the physical education of the human body, but also establishes social links and culture between the participants. Physical and sport education lessons appear in different forms of organization, contributing to the increase of its emotional character, which in turn determines the development of creativity, the spirit of self-denial, of struggle, and of the team.
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Introduction

Physical and sporting education is a particularly complex activity, if one considers its content, structure, organization and deployment. When analyzing physical and sports education as a social phenomenon, one is to take into account the multitude of components involved: physical exercise, the specific material resources and sports facilities, specific technical and organizational aspects, related scientific disciplines and sporting education specialists. Physical exercises emerged and have continuously improved so that they may comply with the ever-changing social needs. The emergence and evolution of physical exercise have a clear conditioning of social nature and are not determined by instincts or biological factors. Contrary to some theories, the emergence and evolution of physical exercises have been determined not only by the material aspect of social life but also by other factors such as science, culture, religion and so forth. The scientific background of how to practice physical exercises has developed over time and has made use of ideas, norms, rules, belonging to antiquity, Renaissance or bourgeois humanism. At times, it has also confronted with moments of stagnation or regression.

The diachronous evolution of indoor or outdoor sports facilities, as well as of sports apparatus and especially of sporting equipment is particularly eloquent. Irrespective of the organizational form or of the social-economic and political context in which they are performed, physical exercises have always aimed at improving the physical development and condition of the subjects. Physical and sports education has a predominantly biological character and important valences on social and cultural-educational levels. Practicing physical exercises, as part of physical and sports education was and is still determined by recreational and relaxation needs. Due to its various forms of organization and to its emotional character, physical and sports education also plays an important role in the development of the creative spirit and of self-confidence, as well as in overcoming one’s limits. By practicing physical exercise, one may also develop their aesthetic sense and love for movement, sporting education being an integral part of the process of achieving harmonious physical development and of maintaining an optimal state of health. Physical and sport education, as well as other fundamental motor activities, are subordinated to training for work and life; priority must be given to the affirmation of one’s skills, especially with respect to sport competitions, both at national and international level. Regardless of one’s age or occupation, leisure time may be spent in a useful and recreational manner, by practicing physical exercises in different organizational forms. Special attention is to be paid to the physical and sports education of younger generations (especially in schools and universities), as it represents a premise for high quality sports activity. In technical higher education, by means of physical and sport education, as part of the instructive-educational process, it is continued, at a superior level, the training process from pre-university education. Taking into account the increasing responsibilities of everyday life, the human being seems to have forgotten about themselves and has become a victim of stress and sedentarism. As a result, physical demand is very much diminished.

In order to eliminate the harmful effects of social activity on the state of young people’s health, but also in order to ensure good physical condition and mental capacities, one is to be healthy, to prove physical and mental strength, which are relatively easy to achieve during university, considering the age of the students. Physical and sporting education contributes to the developing of a conscious attitude about exercising independent physical exercise in their leisure time, which will lead to long-lasting beneficial effects.

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