Architectural Guidelines and Practical Experiences in the Realization of E-Gov Employment Services

Architectural Guidelines and Practical Experiences in the Realization of E-Gov Employment Services

Elena Sánchez-Nielsen (Universidad de La Laguna, Spain), Daniel González-Morales (Universidad de La Laguna, Spain) and Carlos Peña-Dorta (ARTE Consultores Tecnológicos, Spain)
Copyright: © 2011 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/jesma.2011070101
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Abstract

Today’s Public Administration faces a growing need to share information and collaborate with other agencies and organizations in order to meet their objectives. As agencies and organizations are gradually transforming into “networked organizations,” the interoperability problem becomes the main challenge to make possible the vision of seamless interactions across organizational boundaries. Today, diverse architectural engineering guidelines are used to support interoperability at different levels of abstraction. This paper reviews the main guidelines’ categories which support aspects of architecture practice in order to develop interoperable software services among networked organizations. The architectural guidelines and practical experiences in the domain of e-Gov employment services for the European Union member state Spain are described. The benefits of the proposed solution and the lessons learned are illustrated.
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This section presents relevant literature associated with the software services development in an interoperability scenario from a top-down viewpoint. Different areas need to be covered in order to provide a solution to problems of interoperability between institutions and organizations. These areas are:

  • Enterprise modeling: the goal is to make explicit knowledge that adds value to the enterprise or can be shared by business applications and users for improving the performance of the enterprise.

  • Interoperability frameworks: which provide a set of standards and guidelines that describes the way in which organizations have agreed, or should agree, to interact with each other.

  • Software Architecture Design and Service technologies: provide a way to describe the functionality of software modules and to facilitate their interoperability.

  • The open source model: provides means for implementing the standard and non-proprietary solutions required with new opportunities to software entrepreneurs.

  • Middleware solutions: offer application development platform functionalities.

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