Assessing the Perception of Pain and Distress of Female Patients Undergoing Routine Urethral Catheterization in Cesarean Delivery

Assessing the Perception of Pain and Distress of Female Patients Undergoing Routine Urethral Catheterization in Cesarean Delivery

N. Taleschian Tabrizi (Iranian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran), Z. Torabi (Iranian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran), P. Bastani (Urogynecology Knowledge Management Unit, Iranian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran), M. Mokhtarkhani (Iranian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran), N. Madani (Iranian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran), N. Parnian (Iranian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran) and S. Hajebrahimi (Urogynecology knowledge management unit, Iranian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/ijudh.2013040109
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Abstract

Urethral catheterization is a common procedure performed commonly before some elective surgeries, often without consideration of the pain and negative perception among women. Owing to patient complaints and the fact that catheterization is not always necessary; a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out from January to March 2012 at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences hospital. One hundred healthy women who were catheterized before undergoing cesarean delivery were interviewed to assess the perception of pain and distress, determining the association between these two factors. This issue has rarely been investigated in previous studies. This study also aimed to evaluate the efficiencies of the Wong-Baker and 0–10 numerical rating scales. The authors results indicate that although the patients did not initially have a good understanding of the pain scales, when they were given additional explanation, a positive correlation between the two scales (p<0.01) was found. Their study further demonstrates that catheterization is a moderately painful (4.68 of 10) procedure, causing distress (4.67 of 10) and discomfort.
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Methods

A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from January to March 2012 at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences hospitals in Iran. The study population was composed of 100 healthy women who received a Foley IUC before undergoing elective C-section and continued to have it for at least 12 hours after the surgery. The participants with urethral complications (e.g., UTI) were excluded. The main data collection schedulewas 12:00–3:00 pm, 3 days a week, and the patients were randomly selected.

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