Biodiesel Production from Algal Blooms: A Step towards Renewable Energy Generation & Measurement

Biodiesel Production from Algal Blooms: A Step towards Renewable Energy Generation & Measurement

Shabana Urooj (Department of Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, UP, India), Athar Hussain (Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, UP, India) and Narayani Srivastava (Department of Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, UP, India)
DOI: 10.4018/ijmtie.2012070106
OnDemand PDF Download:
$30.00
List Price: $37.50

Abstract

Usage of Bio-energy is becoming more and more prominent due to the peak oil crisis. Bio-energy is the energy which can be synthesized using methods and raw material which are available in nature and are derived from the biological sources. They are referred as bio-mass energy, bio-diesel, and bio-power. In this paper the study has been carried out on bio-energy generation in form of bio-diesel and the bio-diesel is produced in the laboratory conditions by using base catalyzed trans-esterification process. The nomenclature bio-diesel is given to the oil which can be generated by using the raw materials which are renewable and are waste materials. It doesn’t contain any percentage of petroleum products in it. It is called bio-diesel because it can be further used to run the diesel engine. In this paper biodiesel is generated using local pond algae by the process of base catalyzed trans-esterification.
Article Preview

1. Introduction

There are two types of energy, renewable resources and non- renewable resources. Non-renewable source of the energy are those types of resources which are form after decomposition or some natural process taking a long duration of time. They cannot be generated or replenished within a short time. Coal, petroleum and natural gas form the main part of this type of resources. In the last two centuries there had been immense pressure on the conventional or non – renewable sources of energy. They had been the backbone of many countries economically and also the lifeline of the everyday life round the globe. They are used in some or the other form everywhere from crude to refined and from refined to the last by-product is utilized in some or the other industries. All these resources are limited in availability in nature. There is not only the problem of depleting resources but also the after effects of using it. It had been the major contributor of green house gases in atmosphere of the earth, leading to many climatic problems world wide. As these resources are not used directly in the very way they are found during the various refining and burning or heating process they release harmful chemical in the environment causing pollution hence disturbing the ecological balance.

Complete Article List

Search this Journal:
Reset
Open Access Articles: Forthcoming
Volume 6: 2 Issues (2017): Forthcoming, Available for Pre-Order
Volume 5: 2 Issues (2015)
Volume 4: 2 Issues (2014)
Volume 3: 4 Issues (2013)
Volume 2: 4 Issues (2012)
Volume 1: 4 Issues (2011)
View Complete Journal Contents Listing