Blockchain Technology Concept for Improving Supply Chain Traceability in the Ivory Market

Blockchain Technology Concept for Improving Supply Chain Traceability in the Ivory Market

Norman Gwangwava (Botswana International University of Science and Technology, Botswana)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJAIE.287873
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Abstract

Supply chain traceability is gaining momentum as a means to gain visibility across the supply chain. In order to curb poaching in wildlife sector and harvesting of resources such as ivory, there is need to introduce full proof technologies. This article proposes use of blockchain in tracing the supply chain of ivory and other wildlife products, from source to destination. The article is based on literature review on wildlife practices. Ivory trade participants were identified and mapped into a blockchain model using blockchain modeling techniques. The proposed blockchain approach allows transaction recording as blocks and visibility to relevant participants.
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Introduction

Motivation

Supply chain traceability is gaining momentum as a means to gain visibility across the entire supply chain. Advancements in technologies such as cloud computing and internet of things (IoT) are making traceability possible. In order to restore sanity and dignity to the wildlife sector and harvesting of the precious resources such as ivory, there is need to introduce full proof technologies such as blockchain in order to gain traceability. The technology is envisaged to identify any counterfeiting and nab the culprits. This article proposes use of blockchain in tracing the supply chain of ivory and any other wildlife products, from source to destination. Murky dealings in the wildlife supply chains have led to the adverse effects of poaching and threatening extinction of some species. In other industries, such as the food industry, where domesticated animals are the source of produce, there is better management to ensure sustainability. Production methods have been perfected, supply chains have been optimized, and recently there is more emphasis on Chains of Consensus (CoC). The value chain systems have been well developed to include certifications, monitoring and control at crucial stages. Loopholes such as stock theft have been effectively curtailed. Every value chain system needs corporation in order to be effective. Rather than advocating for complete ban of the ivory market and other wildlife products, there is need to bring corporation, transparency, and traceability in the value chain for wildlife products. Through corporation at various levels, murky dealings can be eliminated.

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