Can Exergaming Promote Physical Fitness and Physical Activity?: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews

Can Exergaming Promote Physical Fitness and Physical Activity?: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews

Tuomas Kari (Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland)
DOI: 10.4018/ijgcms.2014100105
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Abstract

This systematic review of systematic reviews evaluates the effectiveness of exergaming on physical fitness and physical activity. A systematic literature search was conducted on 10 databases, and 1040 articles were identified. Sixty-eight articles were found potentially relevant and were selected for closer screening. Cross-referencing was conducted to find other potentially relevant articles. The quality of all relevant articles was evaluated using the AMSTAR tool. After all the duplicates were removed and inclusion, exclusion, and quality criteria were implemented, six articles remained for review. The results indicate that exergaming is generally enjoyed and can evoke some benefits for physical fitness and physical activity, but the current evidence does not support the ability of exergaming to increase physical fitness or physical activity levels sufficiently for significant health benefits. This systematic review also revealed several gaps in previous research. Additional high-quality research and systematic reviews concerning exergaming are needed.
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Methodology

The methodology followed the guidelines given by Smith, Devane, Begley, and Clarke (2011). The research design was determined a priori. The research questions, search strategy, and inclusion/exclusion criteria were established before the actual search and review. Flow of information through the different phases of this systematic review is presented in Figure 1, as guided by the PRISMA statement (Liberati et al., 2009; Moher, Liberati, Tetzlaff, & Altman, 2009).

Figure 1.

Flow diagram of study selection

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