Challenges to the Successful Implementation of Online Voting for E-Democracy in Developing Countries' Initiatives: Jordan as a Case Study

Challenges to the Successful Implementation of Online Voting for E-Democracy in Developing Countries' Initiatives: Jordan as a Case Study

Ahmad Al-Khasawneh (Computer Information Systems Department, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan) and Randa Obeidallah (Computer Information Systems Department, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan)
DOI: 10.4018/ijskd.2014070103

Abstract

The ability to vote is an essential part of Democracy. The election process should be reliable, secure and organized to motivate voters to participate in the election process. The process itself requires a great amount of resources allocation. This paper argues that online voting may play important role on enhancing efficiency, convenience, participation and reducing human/financial resources needed for the election process in developing countries. In this paper, we consider Kingdom of Jordan as a case study. This paper examines Jordan's initiatives (ICTs and e-Government) to study the challenges and difficulties to have ability to adopt online voting in the Kingdom.
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2. An Overview Of Online Voting

A suggested method to reduce the cost of resources required for traditional voting in developing countries is to invest in electronic voting (e-voting) also known as online voting. Qadah and Taha (2007) defined e-voting system as any system that allows the eligible voters to cast their votes via a computer normally connected to internet from anywhere like home or office. These systems should ensure the time and other resources are efficiently used (Sergei et al., 2011). It is important to increase the level of awareness among the population to the importance of such system. People understanding of e- voting system can have a great influence on their decision to use it, and subsequently their decision to cast their votes.

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