Cloud Computing and E-Governance: Advances, Opportunities and Challenges

Cloud Computing and E-Governance: Advances, Opportunities and Challenges

P. Sasikala (Department of New Media Technology, Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Communication, Bhopal, India)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/ijcac.2012100103
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Abstract

Cloud computing provides a new service consumption and delivery model inspired by Consumer Internet Services. Cloud computing drives down costs and accelerates cost reduction benefit. Cloud is making rapid inroads in several sectors and e-Governance is the latest in this direction. e-Governance with cloud computing offers integration management with automated problem resolution, manages security end to end, and helps budget based on actual usage of data. At a global level, Cloud architectures can benefit government to reduce duplicate efforts and increase effective utilization of resources, helping the government go green and reducing pollution and effective waste management. In this paper, the authors describe how this newly emerged paradigm of cloud computing can be helpful for e-Governance. It also describes the role of cloud computing standards and architectures in framing a good e-Governance strategy to realize e-Government. Governments have been slower in realizing the potential benefits of the Information Technology to provide e-services. E-services are delivering cost-effective services, which can drive the growth of the economy and government productivity.
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Cloud Computing

What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction (Sasikala, 2011b).

Delivery Models (Sasikala, 2011c)

  • Software as a Service (SaaS): The consumer uses an application, but does not control the operating system, hardware or network infrastructure on which it's running.

  • Platform as a Service (PaaS): The consumer uses a hosting environment for their applications. The consumer controls the applications that run in the environment (and possibly has some control over the hosting environment), but does not control the operating system, hardware or network infrastructure on which they are running. The platform is typically an application framework.

  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): The consumer uses “fundamental computing resources” such as processing power, storage, networking components or middleware. The consumer can control the operating system, storage, deployed applications and possibly networking components such as firewalls and load balancers, but not the cloud infrastructure beneath them.

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