From Cold War Island to Low Carbon Island: A Study of Kinmen Island

From Cold War Island to Low Carbon Island: A Study of Kinmen Island

Hua-Yueh Liu (Department of Architecture, National Quemoy University, Kinmen, Taiwan)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/jthi.2012100104
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Kinmen’s military landscape is a legacy to the history of war. Since the abolishment of military administration after the Cold War, Kinmen Island has transformed from a front-line to a tourist-oriented island. Due to the recent opening of relations between Taiwan and China, there has been a large influx of tourists into Kinmen Island to visit its rich ecosystems and the historic battlefields, leading the author to rethink the future management of the island. As Kinmen Island lacks electricity and water resources, the development of renewable energy to render Kinmen a low-carbon island has been identified as the best option. To achieve this goal, the installation of a distributed power system integrated with abandoned military facilities to replace the centralized power plant on the island would benefit development and would represent the core strategy of the low-carbon initiative.
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Target Of Energy-Saving In Kinmen Islands

In response to climate change, the Taiwan government announced at the National Energy Conference that innovative energy planning will reach the target of 1–3% by 2020, and renewable energy will account for 10% of the national generating capacity, i.e., 7000–8000 megawatts (“The preservation and re-activation of,” 2008). To ensure active participation in the global carbon reduction effort, Kinmen needs to develop a carbon reduction strategy with an ecosystem-based management network. In addition, 2010 was the year to act practically towards “energy-saving and carbon reduction”. Many areas in Taiwan have been chosen as model locations in which to construct low-carbon homes, and Kinmen Island has been selected to be developed as a model low-carbon island.

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