A Comparison of U.S., Japanese and European Software Development Practices and Processes

A Comparison of U.S., Japanese and European Software Development Practices and Processes

Kathleen Foley Curley (Lotus Development Corporation, USA), Marc H. Meyer (Northeastern University, USA) and Erl V. Sorensen (Bentley College, USA)
Copyright: © 1996 |Pages: 9
DOI: 10.4018/jgim.1996070102
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Abstract

In 1990, Cusumano and Kemerer examined a statistically comparable sample of Japanese and American software development projects to assess whether significant differences could be identified in software development practices that would help to explain American dominance of the software market. This study extends the work of Cusumano and Kemerer by examining software development practices for knowledge-based systems and by including European projects as well as those from Japan, and the United States. The findings of our study confirm what Cusumano and Kemerer found and also confirm a study of quality assurance technology in Japan done by Kishida,Teramoto, Torii, Urano (1987). That is, there is no significant difference in Japanese, American and European software development practices, choice of software tools or level of project complexity. We will discuss U.S. dominance of the software market (U.S. suppliers hold more than 74% of world market share despite the fact that foreign demand now accounts for over 55% of all software revenue. U.S. Department of Commerce, 1994, pg. 27-5)1 and suggest that the concept of American dominance is more likely to be explained by economic and cultural factors than by differences in software development practices or access to the latest technology.

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