Computer Based E-Healthcare Clinical Systems: A Comprehensive Survey

Computer Based E-Healthcare Clinical Systems: A Comprehensive Survey

Mohamed K. Watfa (Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong in Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates), Hina Majeed (Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong in Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates) and Tooba Salahuddin (Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong in Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
DOI: 10.4018/IJPHIM.2016010104
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Abstract

Over the years, interactive computer-based systems have provided crucial support to clinics, hospitals and other health-based centers. These systems have continued to influence the manner in which clinical tasks are organized and fulfilled in terms of performing tests, diagnosis procedures, treatment methods, as well as storing, analyzing and accessing patient and staff information. At the present time, the computer-based systems used in healthcare settings of high standards are the result of joint efforts of clinicians, software developers and clinical informaticians hence triggering the outcome of the desired system to outdo that of existing applications. Major concerns arise in designing clinical application including data privacy, minimal bias offered by a system (i.e. in terms of searching and decision-making), a user friendly GUI and an efficient integration of the new system with the existing standard applications at the health based setting being considered. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey on the existing research work on computer based E-Healthcare applications for clinicians highlighting both the challenges and benefits of such applications which would be of value to both patients and clinicians.
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2. Computer-Based Healthcare Applications For Clinicians

Computer-based applications at diverse healthcare sites have led to many improvements over a prolonged period of time. Some of these advances include efficiency (in comparison to paper based data), effectiveness (in terms of support in the various processes carried out at the healthcare setting) and more categorized data. The benefits of computer-based Healthcare applications using different existing systems are outlined in the following.

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