A Concept for Improving the Security and Efficiency of Multimodal Supply Chains

A Concept for Improving the Security and Efficiency of Multimodal Supply Chains

Johan Scholliers (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland), Sirra Toivonen (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland), Antti Permala (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland) and Timo Lahtinen (Turvatiimi Oyj, Finland)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/jal.2012040101


Multimodal supply chains are characterized by multiple changes of transport modes and vehicles. Hence the risks for theft, untimely delivery and freight quality deterioration increase. There is hence a growing need to manage the security and efficiency of consignments from door to door. This paper describes the results of the Finnish national SCIE (Supply Chain Security and Integrity) project, which had as main objective the development of a holistic framework for the management of the security and efficiency of supply chains. A profound risk analysis was performed to find key vulnerabilities of the service and suitable monitoring technology. The security service was developed to deal with the vast amount of actors in the multimodal supply chain, accurate transport plan data reception and the identification of exceptional situations. The service concept was tested by monitoring and analysing steel product shipments from Finland to Central Europe. Advanced intelligent monitoring devices were attached to the consignments. These devices gathered and transmitted in real-time environmental, transport stress and location information. The paper will give an overview of the framework, service concept and the analysed results of a multimodal shipment from Finland to Italy.
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Critical Stages In Multimodal Supply Chains

There are obvious phases and stages along the supply chain that are more critical or carry more risks than others. Typically the most vulnerable phases in multimodal supply chains are slowing, stopping and parking en route on the road transport, moving through dangerous geographical areas, loading and unloading, change of transport vehicles or transport modes and static points along the routes (warehouses, terminals, ports, borders, etc.) (FreightWatch, 2011; Europol, 2009). Craddock and Stansfield (2005) have assessed incidents that can take place during a container journey. These threats have been generalized for consignments (parcels, transport units) and are presented in Table 1.

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