Contributions to a Future Inertial Motor and More

Contributions to a Future Inertial Motor and More

Dan Ciulin (Ecole d’Ingénierie Appliquée, Lausanne, Switzerland)
DOI: 10.4018/jsita.2013010105
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Abstract

For a future interplanetary trip, a space ship must be able to take off and/or land on a planet and travel at a convenient speed, insure convenient life conditions for the embarked crew, and keep contact with Earth. Chemical jet-engines used for the space ships must throw masses with enough speed to insure a convenient lifting force. Ion jet-engines, which have a much bigger jet-speed than chemical, may work for a longer time but the resulting force is small and cannot insure the take off and/or landing on a planet. A future inertial motor does not need to throw masses but needs only energy to produce the necessary lifting force. The paper presents contributions to build such a motor. As on a given vehicle, mainly rotations may be done to insure its propulsion, we start by presenting generally the rotations, at first for the electronic devices and then for mechanical one Methods that may convert the rotation into translation are after presented. Observing that the mathematical models used for rotations are extended from trigonometric functions to elliptical and ultra-elliptical ones, the author presents the differential equations that define such functions. Finally, using the modified Euler equations, a mathematical model for the gravitational waves is deduced. By using this type of waves, a permanent contact between an interplanetary ship and the earth can be kept. The presented tools may be used for modeling the fields and insure also a more comprehensive understanding.
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Introduction

Some devices that may be also used as amplifiers and/or oscillators have a voltage-current characteristic in ‘S’ and/or in ‘N’ that contains some portions with ‘negative slope’. Well-known examples are the tunnel diode and/or the neon tube. Those characteristics are shown in the Figure 1.

Figure 1.

Current-voltage characteristics of a tunnel diode and a neon gas tube

When a signal is applied through the part of such characteristics that contains also the ‘negative slope’, a discontinuity of ‘hysteresis type’ appears (Wikipedia, hysteresis, 2012). For the tunnel diode this kind of ‘hysteresis loop’ is shown in the Figure 2.

Figure 2.

Hysteresis loop for the tunnel diode

A passive component as a tunnel diode and/or a neon tube may be considered as a non-linear resistor for the whole voltage-current characteristic that does not presents a negative slope. For this last portion, the device try to act as a ‘source’ and then ‘jump’ to the nearest point with a positive slope. By rotating the axis V-I (voltage-current) of its characteristic with a convenient angle (~350 in this case) a new characteristic that presents any ‘negative slope portion’ may be obtained. For the tunnel diode, this is shown in the Figure 3. Of course, for this new characteristic, any hysteresis effect may appear.

Figure 3.

I-V conveniently rotated characteristic of a tunnel diode

The rotation equations of such characteristics are (Wikipedia, rotation, 2012):

(1) where is the rotation angle. It can be seen that a ‘physical rotation’ needs energy to be realized. For electrical signals, a simulation program and/or a hardware equivalent system may be realized to display the ‘rotated signals’. The bloc diagram of such hardware system is presented in the Figure 4.

Figure 4.

Bloc diagram of a hardware system to rotate the axis of the characteristic of an electronic device presenting ‘hysteresis’

On the X-input of the rotation device, a triangular signal is applied. A sine signal having the same frequency is applied, for example, on a non-linear resistor that have a voltage-current characteristic in ‘S’ and/or in ‘N’ or on a closed loop comparator that have ‘hysteresis’. The output of this component is applied on the Y-input of the rotation device. With a dc. voltage applied on the Angle-input, the converter C will generate the necessary and voltages for the rotation. The rotated device characteristic is displayed on the Scope. Changing some components of a closed loop comparator can modify the parameters of its ‘hysteresis window’.

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