Design of a Field Programmable Gate Array for Swarm Intelligent Controller Based on a Portable Robotic System: Review Study

Design of a Field Programmable Gate Array for Swarm Intelligent Controller Based on a Portable Robotic System: Review Study

Hanan A.R. Akkar (University of Technology, Iraq) and Huthaifa Salman Khairy (University of Technology, Iraq)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/JCIT.20210401.oa6
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Abstract

Portable robots are considered an important device in many areas such as in medical, space research, emergency situations, applications, etc. The robots complete tasks efficiently and effectively without any human interaction. The most important advantages of portable robots are their small size and very high speed in problem processing with relatively high accuracy and efficiency compared with constant devices. In this paper, the authors discussed the applications of the robot systems based on swarm intelligent controller and field programmable gate array (FPGA). A component-oriented FPGA design platform is proposed for robot system integration because FPGAs are known to be power-efficient hardware platforms. From the results, they found that FPGA and swarm intelligence are very efficient in robotic systems and used in a wide area of applications.
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2. Common System Design

Our proposed portable robotic system consists of the following parameters that shown in Figure 1. The system was consists of:

  • 1.

    Field programmed gate array (FPGA)

  • 2.

    Swarm intelligent controller (SIC)

  • 3.

    Portable robot system

Figure 1.

proposed portable robotic system

JCIT.20210401.oa6.f01

2.1. Field Programmed Gate Array (FPGA)

FPGA is an integrated circuit which could be programmed by a designer or a customer after industrialization. FPGA programming generally is defined by hardware description language (HDL). Circuit diagrams have previously been used to define configuration, but this is limited because of the emergence of electronic design automation tools. Methodology of design has faced several changes over the past decades. However, utilization of FPGA and VHDL for digital logic implementation has become prevalent in the past decade (Zhang, 2010).

First FPGA presented at 1985 consists of 2,000 gates. The gate concentration increased to tens millions of gates from that period. During the increased concentration of FPGAs diversified device resources have turn into a standard merit of contemporaneous FPGA based devices. FPGA usage is still in the embedded systems in the evolution stage (Dubey, 2009). Many hardware resources provided by FPGAs Such as RAM, clock management modules, digital signal processing, embedded processors, and others that can achieve hardware solutions with low operating frequency.

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