Differences Between Third and Fourth Generation Programmers: A Human Factor Analysis

Differences Between Third and Fourth Generation Programmers: A Human Factor Analysis

Karen Ketler (Eastern Illinois University, USA) and Robert D. Smith (Kent State University, USA)
Copyright: © 1992 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/irmj.1992040103
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Abstract

The use of nonprocedural (fourth generation) languages created a revolution in the manner in which computer-based information systems are being constructed. These languages are being used extensively by end-users and by programmers in end-user departments. They are being also used, to a less extent, by traditional programmers whose major computing environment is the mainframe. Programmers’ performance is a function of two major groups of variables: those that are related to the person (his/her attributes) and those related to the environment. This paper reports the results of a study that compared the attributes of programmers in a large centralized third generation mainframe environment to the attributes of fourth generation programmers in the same company. Significant differences were detected. Based on this finding, this paper suggests a procedure for matching an individual’s attributes with the characteristics of different software environments.

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