Distinctiveness of Techno-Entrepreneurship

Distinctiveness of Techno-Entrepreneurship

Neeta Baporikar (Harold Pupkewitz Graduate School of Business (HP -GSB), Namibia &University of Pune, Pune, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJSITA.2015010102
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Abstract

Techno-Entrepreneurship referred by many as ‘Technology Entrepreneurship' usually denotes a vehicle or means to facilitate prosperity in individuals, firms, regions, and nations. The study of techno-entrepreneurship therefore, serves an important function beyond satisfying intellectual curiosity. Techno-entrepreneurship lies at the heart of many important debates, including those around launching and growing firms, regional economic development, selecting the appropriate stakeholders to take ideas to markets, and educating managers, engineers, and scientists. Through in depth literature review, analysis of secondary data, and keen observation the purpose of this paper is to understand the genesis of techno-entrepreneurship, distinctiveness of techno-entrepreneurship, provide a holistic definition and attempt to identify aspects relative to economics, entrepreneurship, and management.
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Introduction

Entrepreneurship is a phenomenon of tremendous societal importance, and it is quite appropriate that in the globalization era, particularly, when we are speaking about immigration. Internal and external information and communication processes at enterprises across almost every industry sector have been increasingly supported by electronic information technologies. The fundamental advantages of such technologies insure that this trend will continue in the future. The constant development of technology has had a significant influence on various possibilities for developing innovative business concepts based on electronic information and communication networks and realizing these by establishing a new company, commonly referred as tech-ventures or e-ventures. Against this background, the term ‘techno-entrepreneurship’ describes the act of establishing new companies specifically in this technology driven economy.

This paper is aimed to the theme “techno-entrepreneurship” as having reference to enterprises/companies that operate based on technologies and internet. It is quite evident that we are in knowledge era and those who are desirous of becoming a tech-entrepreneur need to do a lot of exercise prior to venturing into these businesses. Moreover, these businesses require systematic and in depth study as entrepreneurs have to administer the enterprises/companies in different virtual places, having different customers, suppliers and competitors. Through in depth literature review, analysis of secondary data, and keen observation the purpose of this paper is to understand the distinctiveness of techno-entrepreneurship, provide a concise definition and attempt to identify aspects related to economics, entrepreneurship, and management.

Cavaye (1996) provides additional insight into the use of qualitative research methods. He points out the great many alternatives - case studies for positivist and interpretivist goals, case studies for testing and building theory, case studies with single and multiple cases, and case studies using qualitative or mixed methods. Furthermore, Hartwick and Barki (1994) elaborate the differences between quantitative and qualitative research by claiming that the former is mostly confirmatory, whereas the latter is mostly exploratory. Qualitative research is exploratory - rather than studying large randomly selected samples, exploratory analysis uses samples often consisting of one to several cases. Instead of using test statistics based on assumed theoretical probability distributions, exploratory analysis generally uses narrative analysis, the results of which are presented in the form of tables or graphical displays (McNeil, 1977). The qualitative researcher approaches the situation under study emically, which is to say as an involved insider (Hodder, 1994). Qualitative research tends to be descriptive and seeks to identify, rather than test, variables which impact the situation at hand. Qualitative research aims for experiential understanding of human experience and connotes understanding complex relations, based on direct interpretation of narratives (Stake, 1995). Such understanding requires persons most qualified to interpret the narratives arising in a given context (Silverman, 1993; Stake, 1995). In short, a qualitative research method is best suited to the research purpose: to determine whether an association exists between technology and entrepreneurial activity.

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