Do Demographic Variables Make a Difference in Entrepreneurial Leadership Style?: Case Study Amongst Micro and Small in Creative Economy Entrepreneurs in Jakarta, Indonesia

Do Demographic Variables Make a Difference in Entrepreneurial Leadership Style?: Case Study Amongst Micro and Small in Creative Economy Entrepreneurs in Jakarta, Indonesia

Aristo Surya Gunawan (Atma Jaya Catholic University, Indonesia) and Ati Cahayani (Atma Jaya Catholic University, Indonesia)
DOI: 10.4018/IJABIM.20220701.oa10
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Abstract

Industry 4.0 brings a challenge in terms of labor reduction. However, there is an opportunity in job creation for the creative industry/economy. The creative economy in Indonesia shows an increasingly contribution to the Indonesian economy in recent years, and it is also predicted to continue increasing in the future. Leadership for the entrepreneur is needed to make their business entity (Micro Small Medium Enterprises) to survive and succeed. This research aims to find out whether there is a difference in entrepreneurial leadership style with four demographic variables, i.e., gender, age, education level, and marital status.
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B. Literature Review

1. Concept of Leadership

Leadership theory approaches are dividing into two major groups, which are traditional and modern theories (described in table 1). Esmer and Dayi (2016) define leadership as the process of influencing employees of an organization to achieve organizational goals. Although there are many definitions of leadership, there is a red line on leadership, which is the process of influencing employees and guiding them in the right direction.

Table 1. Leadership Theory

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2. Concept of Entrepreneurial Leadership

Entrepreneurial leadership definition according several sources can be seen in table 2. The success of businesses depends on effective leadership skills. One of the effective leadership skills is entrepreneurial leadership. Corbin in Sutrisno (2013) said that with an entrepreneurial leadership style, a leader enables to delegate, to build employees behaving responsibly, to make and determine decisions, and to work independently. Entrepreneurial leadership concept, according to Thornberry (2006), is leadership in the context of an entrepreneur as a leader in their business organization.

Table 2. Entrepreneurial Leadership Theory

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