Dynamic Group Formation based on a Natural Phenomenon

Dynamic Group Formation based on a Natural Phenomenon

Amina Zedadra (LabSTIC Laboratory, University 8 May 1945 Guelma, Guelma, Algeria), Yacine Lafifi (LabSTIC Laboratory, University 8 May 1945 Guelma, Guelma, Algeria) and Ouarda Zedadra (LabSTIC Laboratory, Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJDET.2016100102
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Abstract

This paper presents a new approach of learners grouping in collaborative learning systems. This grouping process is based on traces left by learners. The goal is the circular dynamic grouping to achieve collaborative projects. The proposed approach consists of two main algorithms: (1) the circular grouping algorithm and (2) the dynamic grouping algorithm (used to update groups). The circular grouping is a novel algorithm to group learners based on their learning and collaborative traces. So, the aim is to form heterogeneous groups based on their profiles. The dynamic grouping algorithm is based on the behavior of penguins when they are moving in the winter season to secure their lives. The new proposed approach used the same behavior of penguins' colony. The proposed approach was applied on a collaborative learning system called LETline 2.0 (http://www.labstic.com/letline/). The developed system was experimented at an Algerian university. After the experiment, the authors observed that their system groups automatically the learners into homogeneous groups and improves their cognitive profiles.
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In CSCL environments, learners interact and collaborate with each other members to success their learning process. The actions done by them when using the system’s features are called learning traces.

The concept of traces has many senses according to the field of their application. Therefore, the traces can be considered as:

  • A temporal sequence of objects and operations mobilized by the user when using the system (Champin and Prié, 2002).

  • Any computer object in which accumulate data about interactions between a computer system and its user (Cram et al., 2007).

  • A temporal sequence of statements that are considered as the pages and the transitions that are all the actions performed on pages (Bousbia, 2011).

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