E-Learning System of Asia Through Open Courseware (OCW) and Educational Resources (OER) for Universal Access to Knowledge and Information

E-Learning System of Asia Through Open Courseware (OCW) and Educational Resources (OER) for Universal Access to Knowledge and Information

Soumen Kayal (Department of Library and Information Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India) and Baisakhi Das (Department of Library and Information Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJWLTT.2017040103
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Abstract

One of the most impressive uses of information and communication technology is the advent of e-learning. The current E-learning system mainly plays a role of learning assistance such as providing learning content or learning information, and sometime it provides channels or platform in the learning environment for discussion and interaction. In recent years E-learning has changed sophisticatedly in teaching method in higher education of Asian countries. The success of E-learning depends on the some circumstance like learning effectiveness, cost effectiveness, institutional commitment, access, faculty satisfaction, and student's satisfaction. Accessing has become more widely permitted through the open courseware. Open Courseware is one of the effective new types of E-learning system raised in recent years. This paper discusses the importance of e-learning system in higher education, and universal access to knowledge and information in the network and digital environment through Open Courseware. Some of the major initiatives and the targets segments covered by the online education have also been studied in this article.
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Objectives

  • To understand the concept of Open Courseware and Open Educational Resources in academic perspective.

  • To identify the relationship between Open Courseware and E learning system.

  • To identify the core component of E learning.

  • To exemplify OCW and OER initiative in Asian countries.

  • To recommend suggestions for proper measure to improve the condition of accessing OER.

Review Of Literature

Imran (2012) investigates that in present scenario of rising demand for higher education and university system being reluctant to change their conventional academic programmes e-learning becomes highly important. Christensen (2010) in his study argued that teaching, which is surrounding the education system in the form of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) is going to disrupt and change the existing system of education. An Open Education Resources (OER) framework emphasized (Nikoi & Almelline, 2012) that 4ps- ‘Purpose, process, Product and policy’ must be taken in account from societal and higher education perspective before designing an OER. This idea has tries to find out the viability, sustainability and policy of OER for higher education. Bansal, Chabra and Joshi (2013) elaborate the OER movement in Indian higher Education and to introduce the Open educational resources initiatives in Indian higher education. They have also discussed the progress of OER in India along with the recommendations that address these issues. Wen & di (2014) in their study conducted a survey on 114 under graduate students at Ming Chuan University, concluded that the students who received open educational resources along with their traditional class rooms teaching got higher grades as compared to those students who opted class rooms teaching only. Sinha (2008) describes about the universal access to knowledge and information in the network and digital environment. He highlights the Open Access Declaration, Open Access Movement in India and aboard, open source software for establishing institutional repositories and digital libraries for open access. According to Sarma and Majumdar (2010), OCW provides learner and opportunity to disseminate knowledge beyond the traditional classroom environment. They have focused on present scenario of the open courseware initiatives in India that can be helpful and necessary to the e-learners.

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