Effectiveness of WhatsApp: A Social Media Tool for Student's Activities in Saudi Arabia

Effectiveness of WhatsApp: A Social Media Tool for Student's Activities in Saudi Arabia

Asma Khatun (College of Computer Science & Software Engineering, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia) and Kawther A. Al-Dhlan (College of Computer Science & Software Engineering University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/IJTEM.2017070102
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The aim of this article is to propose a method which is to use the WhatsApp social media tool, as one of the teaching and learning strategies for the purpose of active, engaging and interaction among students and teachers in a course in the Hail University (UoH), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The scope of this article is not only limited to enhance interaction with students in a classroom, but also to discover the effectiveness of this new technique outside the classroom as an additional guide. This article also finds that the method has two types of direct impacts both in classroom engagement and utilization outside the classroom, among students and instructor. The proposed method is initially implemented with 13 closed end survey questionnaires among 75 Computer Science & Engineering students based on the view of students use and availability of social media usage. T-test sample-based methods are used to measure the performance of the proposed hypothesis and the result indicates that WhatsApp is one the best possible effective tools for enhancing interaction among students and teachers.
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Literature Review

Facebook, an online social networking media become popular after it’s launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook, 2017). From the past decade, Facebook gain popularity in educational institute worldwide and been applied as an additional teaching and learning method. In a study of Ontario, Canada, Fewkes (2014) reported that 75% of a school student of 63 populations engaged with Facebook for educational purpose. In another research, Wang (2012) stated that teacher used Facebook for various purposes such as announcement, sharing resources and weekly session organization with students. Moreover, they also reported that the student themselves used Facebook for their group assignment. Numerous research of using Facbook for supporting student’s and teacher’s interaction had seen during the past decades such as (Al-Mashaqbeh, 2016, Ha, 2014, Wang, 2013). A detail literature review on the usefulness of Facebook for education application has been seen in Wang (2012).

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