Electronic Data Interchange: A New Frontier for Global Standards Policy

Electronic Data Interchange: A New Frontier for Global Standards Policy

Eileen M. Trauth (Northeastern University, USA) and Ronald S. Thomas (Northeastern University, USA)
Copyright: © 1993 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/jgim.1993100101
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Abstract

Electronic data interchange (EDI) has become an important enabling technology for the creation of a global business environment. It is also raising issues for global standards policy. This article traces the evolution of EDI standards in the United States and in the European Community. It illustrates the fundamentally different perspectives on standards policy by contrasting the approach to EDI standards development each has taken. EDI standards development in the United States, consistent with the American preference for market-based, pluralist policy, is “bottom-up,” reflecting a competitive policy perspective. In contrast, the EDI standards development process in the European Community, where standards are viewed as a vehicle for unification is a “top-down,” exhibiting a cooperative policy perspective. Given the differences in approach, compromise is required on both sides if the global harmonization of EDI standards is to be achieved.

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