Empirical Analysis of Socio-economic Factors Effecting Nutritional Status of Children (1-5) of Age

Empirical Analysis of Socio-economic Factors Effecting Nutritional Status of Children (1-5) of Age

Naima Saeed (Department of Criminology University of Karachi Sindh, Karachi, Pakistan), Shumaila Kamal Khan (Department of Sociology, Lasbela University of Agriculture Water and Marine Sciences, Uthal, Pakistan), Hafiz Muhammad Raheed (Department of Criminology University of Karachi Sindh, Karachi, Pakistan) and Muhammad Zahid Hussain (Department of Criminology University of Karachi Sindh, Karachi, Pakistan)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/IJCESC.2018100101

Abstract

In Pakistan, in spite of upsurge in per capita food accessibility, subsequent increases in per capita calorie and protein intake, the occurrence of undernourishment has not been enhanced for last twenty years. Nutrition has intense effect on health during every course of human life and is intimately connected with mental and social progress, particularly in the initial stages of childhood. In situations like a short supply of material and social means, children would be unable to complete their full progression and development. Despite the improvement in the nutritional state of children in recent years, the magnitude of malnutrition with relation to fitness circumstances remains high with serious health concerns. The present study targets the attitudes of parents towards their children's (age 1-5) nutritional status. Socioeconomic factors include the marriage age of the mother, education of mother, number of children, household income and knowledge about nutritional food.
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Impact Of Socioeconomic Status And Education On Health And Living Conditions

Elaborating the relationship between socio economic status, parental education, it is proved that moreover the household wealth, the socio economic status and levels of education of parents projected to play a vital role in the levels of nutritional status of their children. It was evident that children from better educated parents are more having good health conditions than those children with uneducated parents (UNESCO, 2010).

Effect of Poverty and Malnutrition on Health

Poverty and malnourishment results on the health of children falls harder on girls than boys. Boys more often get special feeding then those of girls under age of five (Wonjohi, 2012). Health complications related with pregnancy, for young female, apparently contain damaging effects. The obvious factors, however are somewhat unknown and indirect (Khattakh & Gul, 2009).

Impact of Early Marriage on Health of Mother

Another factor creating harsh conditions for the female gender is early marriage. Frequent pregnancies, casual domestic responsibilities, and sustain breast-feeding, tends on to be the cause or morbid conditions for a woman and their newborn. The girls who married in young ages were found to have repetitive pregnancies, which is also correlated with poor socioeconomic and poor education conditions of mother. (Zafar, 1996).

Malnutrition in Children and its Causes

Fundamental causes of malnutrition are resources scarcity and governance of human superstructure organizations that are economic, political and ideological organizations. The cultural, religious, traditional belief also contributes its levels in how children are fed and cared for, all these factors together or separately affect the nutritional status of children (UNICAP, 2007).

The patriarchal authoritative cultural values provide more resources to men that leads to women having less access to productive resources such as access to acknowledgment, upgraded technologies, seed and fertilizer. The women face unfair distribution of food with in household because of less power on household and community credibility. Cultural norms obliged women’s rights, while rearing children and household farm duties are imposed on mothers only, their time and movement, resulting poor care of themselves and their kids consequently appears in poor nutritional status.

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