Energy Production in Smart Cities by Utilization of Kinetic Energy of Vehicles Over Speed Breaker

Energy Production in Smart Cities by Utilization of Kinetic Energy of Vehicles Over Speed Breaker

Mesfin Fanuel Kebede (Hawassa University, Awasa, Ethiopia), Baseem Khan (Hawassa University, Awasa, Ethiopia), N Singh (Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia) and Pawan Singh (School of Informatics, Institute of Technology, Hawassa University, Awasa, Ethiopia)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 35
DOI: 10.4018/IJCESC.2018040101

Abstract

Smart city deals with the problems of rapid urbanization and population growth by optimal utilization of all available resources. There are other driving factors such as clean energy programmes, a low carbon economy and distributed energy resources that are included in a smart city concept. Therefore, in this article, the authors proposed a clean energy generating model by utilizing the kinetic energy of vehicles over a speed breaker. The article focused on the design, modelling, and simulation of an electromechanical system for generating electrical power from the kinetic energy of vehicles passing over speed breakers. To facilitate simulation, a model of the electromechanical system is developed in MATLAB/Simulink. Further, MULTISIM 14 software is utilized for power electronic device modelling and simulation. Simulation results for power generation are obtained considering four units of rotational induction generators and two units of translational induction generators.
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Variables

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m01 Angular speed of the ratchet gear

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m02 Angular speed of the pinion gear

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m03 No. of tooth on ratchet gear

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m04 No. of tooth on pinion gear

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m05 Deflection of a spring

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m06 Diameter of a wire

  • n Number of springs

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m07 Modulus of rigidity

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m08 Mean diameter of a spring coil

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m09 Effective designed load

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m10 Number of active spring turns

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m11 Total number of spring turns

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m12 Pitch of a spring

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m13 Actual length of a spring

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m14 Total number of spring turns

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m15 Developed Power

  • K spring constant

  • g Acceleration due to gravity

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m16 Spring deflection length

  • Φ Flux per pole

  • Z Total number of armature conductors

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m17 Induced EMF in any parallel path in armature

  • µ0 Permeability of a free space

  • z Relative axial distance from the center of the coil to the magnet

  • r Average coil radial distance from the centre of the magnet

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m18 The radial component of the magnetic flux density

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m19 Total length of the coil wire inside the magnetic field

  • µ0 Permeability (4π×10− 7 N/A2) of a vacuum,

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m20 Magnetic dipole moment

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m21 Electric conductivity

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m22 Velocity of the magnet

  • N Number of turns wrung on the cylindrical pipe external part

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m23 Input voltage

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m24 Average output voltage

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m25 “ON” state duration

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m26 “OFF” state duration

  • Ts Switching period

  • D Duty cycle

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m27 Average input current

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m28 Average output current

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m29 Switching frequency

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m30 Equivalent load resistance

  • A Voltage gain

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m31 Packing coefficient

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m32 Filling coefficient

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m33 Net thickness of the iron package

  • Ku Utilization factor

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m34 Flux per column

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m35 Gross thickness

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m36 Induced EMF per turns

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m37 Primary winding current

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m38 Secondary winding current

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m39 Wire diameter

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m40 Number of batteries wired in parallel

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m41 Sinusoidal voltage peak magnitude

  • IJCESC.2018040101.m42 Triangular carrier peak magnitude

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