Estimation of the Energy Potential of the Euripus' Gulf Tidal Stream Using Channel Sea-surface Slope

Estimation of the Energy Potential of the Euripus' Gulf Tidal Stream Using Channel Sea-surface Slope

Aphrodite Ktena (TEI of Sterea Ellada, Psachna, Greece), Christos Manasis (TEI of Sterea Ellada, Psachna, Greece), Dimitrios Bargiotas (TEI of Sterea Ellada, Psachna, Greece), Vasilis Katsifas (Aalborg University, Esbjerg, Denmark), Takvor Soukissian (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Anavyssos, Greece) and Harilaos Kontoyiannis (Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Anavyssos, Greece)
DOI: 10.4018/IJMSTR.2015100102
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Abstract

Potential energy extraction from tidal currents is investigated in this work. Recordings on the streams' velocity and the sea level in the Euripus' strait in Evia, Greece are used to calculate the energy yield. Data on sea level measurements were used to extract information for the current velocity profile through harmonic analysis method. Requirements, limitations and possible new designs that will improve the energy extraction from the low velocity tidal current of the area are discussed. Also, exploitation of tidal energy in cooperation with RES microgrid is proposed for areas where the abundance of sun, wind, island communities and coast areas such as the Mediterranean.
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Introduction

Regions with long coastlines and archipelagos with numerous island communities, like the Mediterranean basin and the Aegean Sea respectively, are typically used as summer vacation destinations. In the summer months when the phenomenon is at its peak, this results in high electrical energy demand, which can be several times higher than the rest of the year. Furthermore, islands usually are not connected to the mainland power grid as such a connection may not be cost effective. Power supply for these regions is based on the installation of thermal electricity plants, using expensive and environmentally harmful fossil fuels. Over the last decades, “Green Islands” have been promoted through several projects where the demand is partly covered by Renewable Energy Systems (RES) relying on wind and solar energy which exists in abundance in the Southern Europe and especially in the Greek islands of the Aegean Sea (Hatziargyriou, 2012; ISET, 2008; Degner, 2004; Tselepis, 2003). However, the inherently intermittent operation of these power plants requires the standby operation of the old thermoelectric plants and poses stability and power quality challenges to the local grid.

As it is stated in the 2010 report ‘Rethinking 2050’ (EREC, 2010), the predicted contribution of bioenergy, geothermal, solar thermal and ocean energy, towards covering the energy demand in the next decades, is steadily increasing while the most conventional RES, hydro, wind and solar power are tending to the plateau of their potential. Tidal energy features among the proposed forms of ocean energy and its untapped potential increasingly attracts the interest of researchers, developers and investors (Hagerman & Polagye, 2006; Ray, 2000; Denny, 2009; Triton Consultants Ltd, 2002; Tidal Energy Ltd., 2009).

The most appealing feature of tidal energy is its inherent predictability which may counter the intermittent operation of solar or wind energy. Tidal power plants have already been established in Northern Europe where the strong tidal currents of the Atlantic Ocean are exploited (Tidal Energy, 2009; Hagerman & Polagye, 2006; Melton, 2012). Grid connected tidal plants in the Netherlands, Norway, Scotland, France etc. are using tidal barrages or turbines to produce electricity. The existing technology is therefore optimized for the strong tides of the north, and turbine manufacturers target the development of big turbines used in tidal barrages or deployed in farms, tied to the grid and producing energy up to several MW.

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