A Family of Superstable n-D Mappings

A Family of Superstable n-D Mappings

Zeraoulia Elhadj (University of Tébessa, Algeria)
Copyright: © 2010 |Pages: 6
DOI: 10.4018/jalr.2010102105
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Abstract

In this article it is rigorously shown that a family of n-D mappings is superstable for some ranges in its bifurcation parameters space. This result is also tested numerically through a 3-D mapping, which has a simple form and complicated behaviors.
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Introduction

The superstability of a dynamical motion is defined with existence of a minus infinity Lyapunouv exponent, this mean that this motion is attractive. There are several methods for constructing 1-D polynomial mappings with attracting cycles or superstable cycles (Zhang & Agarwal, 2003; Liu, Zhang, & Liu, in press) based on Lagrange and Newton interpolations. Superstable phenomena in some 1-D maps embedded in circuits and systems are studied in Matsuoka and Saito (2007) and Saito, Matsuoka, Ishikawa, and Ishige (2007) these maps are obtained from the study of nonautonomous piecewise constant circuits and biological models (Matsuoka & Saito, 2006a, 2006b; Matsuoka, Torikai, & Saito, 2006; Matsuoka, Saito, & Torikai, 2005, 2006; Keener & Glass, 1984). Rich dynamical behaviors can be seen in the presence of superstability (Matsuoka & Saito, 2006a; Matsuoka, Saito, et al., 2005, 2006), especially, the attractivity of the motion that garanty its stability. The property of superstability is probably rare in n-D dynamical systems with n ≥ 2 . Also, superstability is a local property in the space of bifurcation parameters, i.e., in general, not all the behaviors of the considered system are superstable. For n=1, this property is well invistegated analytically and numerically for discrete time systems (Zhang & Agarwal, 2003; Liu, Zhang, & Liu, in press; Matsuoka & Saito, 2007; Saito et al., 2007).

The essential motivation of the present work is the construction of a familly of superstable n-D mappings in the sense that all the states of a member of this familly are superstable, i.e. they have a munis infinity Lyapunouv exponent for some regions in the bifurcation parameters space of these mappings. Indeed, let us consider the following n-D map given by:

(1) where and is the bifurcation parameter. Assuming that the vector field f of the map (1) is continuously differentiable in a region of interest, and it has at least one fixed point, so bounded states are possible, i.e., the system of algebraic equations given by
(2) has at least one real solution.

The goal of this paper is the rigorous proof that the n-D maps given by equation (1) have minus infinity Lyapunouv exponent for some under some realizable conditions. A numerical example is also given and discussed. We remark that the first n − 1 components of the vector field f of the map (1) does not depend on the last variable , and the last component must be depend on the variable in which the map (1) is not trivial.

The Jacobian matrix of the map (1) is given by

(3) where, i, j = 1, 2, ..., n, and , where . On the other hand, let us consider the following n-D dynamical system:
(4) where the function g:is the vector field associated with system (3) and defining the iterations of the system. Let be its Jacobian evaluated at , l = 0, 1, 2, ..., and define the matrix:

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