Flexible Heat Flux Sensor for Firefighters Garment Integration

Flexible Heat Flux Sensor for Firefighters Garment Integration

Christelle Navone (Département des Nanotechnologies, Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives, Grenoble, France), Mathieu Soulier (Département des Nanotechnologies, Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives, Grenoble, France), Isabella Chartier (Département des Nanotechnologies, Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives, Grenoble, France), Julia Simon (Département des Nanotechnologies, Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives, Grenoble, France), Aurelien Oliveira (Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France), Claudine Gehin (Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France) and Thierry Pauchard (ERGOPRO, Grange Neuve, Sainte-Olive, France)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/jehmc.2013010104
OnDemand PDF Download:
$37.50

Abstract

The interest in using optimal equipment to face unknown hazards is growing, as it ultimately save lives. This holds especially true for fire-fighters which are confronted with other hazards during the course of operations. Improvement of their security by an integrated sensory clothing system was the main objective of the European project ProeTEX. In this context, the integration of commercial heat flux sensors into fire-fighters garment has proved the interest of such measurements. However, low flexibility and high cost remain major disadvantages of these sensors. The objective of this work is to develop an innovative heat flux sensor based on a low cost technology. Heat flux sensors have been realized using printable thermoelectric materials and present high sensitivity (146 mV/ (W/cm2)). Their flexibility is compatible with integration in clothes and three specific integrations are proposed and compared. Proof of concept of flexible heat flux sensor is also presented in this paper.
Article Preview

Introduction

This work was supported in part by the European Union, in the framework of the Integrated Program ProeTEX (http///www.proetex.org/), which aims at developing integrated sensory clothing system for rescuers in order to improve their safety, their coordination and their efficiency (Bonfiglio et al., 2007; McAdams et al., 2009). If personal protective equipment efficiently insulates body against high stress and harsh environment of an operation, it sometimes results in insufficient perception of normal corporeal sensations and hazard warnings. Used to measure environmental, physical and physiological parameters, sensors embedded in the clothing are designed to reduce risk and improve emergency response capabilities. In hazard conditions, heat flux sensors in particular should be able to alert fire-fighters of a critical thermal exposition before any heat perception on skin (Oliveira, Gehin, Massot, Ramon, Dittmar, & McAdams, 2010; Oliveira, Gehin, Delhomme, Dittmar, & McAdams, 2009). However the cost and the rigidity of such commercialized sensors are a limit to their integration. The work described in this paper concerns the development of a new generation of flexible heat flux sensors based on printable thermoelectric materials. Thanks to the good resulting flexibility, innovative integrations have been envisaged to have access the heat flux across fire-fighters garment.

Complete Article List

Search this Journal:
Reset
Open Access Articles: Forthcoming
Volume 8: 4 Issues (2017)
Volume 7: 4 Issues (2016)
Volume 6: 4 Issues (2015)
Volume 5: 4 Issues (2014)
Volume 4: 4 Issues (2013)
Volume 3: 4 Issues (2012)
Volume 2: 4 Issues (2011)
Volume 1: 4 Issues (2010)
View Complete Journal Contents Listing