Grey Based Decision Making for Evaluating Sustainable Performance of Indian Marble Industries

Grey Based Decision Making for Evaluating Sustainable Performance of Indian Marble Industries

Om Ji Shukla (Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, India), Vishnu Jangid (Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, India), Gunjan Soni (Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, India) and Rajesh Kumar (Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/IJSDA.2019040101

Abstract

This article focuses on the environmental, economic and social impact of marble industries in the north-western region of India. It presents a grey-based decision-making model for evaluating the extent of sustainability in three marble processing industries. The goal of this article is twofold. First, to identify the important criteria of sustainable performance in marble sector and second to compare three marble processing firms on the basis of sustainability criteria using grey based decision-making approach. A detailed questionnaire was sent to three marble processing firms and the analysis is done on the basis of the received responses.
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Introduction

Sustainability is the view that social, economic and environmental concerns should be addressed simultaneously and holistically in the development process. Sustainability has been applied to many fields including engineering, manufacturing and design. Other than these fields, sustainability in food security system needs food security indicators to understand the interconnectedness in the system (Guma et al., 2018). Whereas for public transport routes, a decision-making system model focuses on environmental and societal sustainability aspects of green software engineering (Spichkova and Hamilton, 2016). Manufacturers are becoming increasingly concerned about the issue of sustainability. For instance, recognition of the relationship between manufacturing operations and the natural environment has become an important criterion in the decision making among industrial societies. Currently the world is facing severe problems like rapid depletion of natural resources and undesired environmental changes on a global scale. To counter these threats the only solution available is the adoption of sustainability concepts such as recycling, reusing, reducing wastes and society accountability etc. The concept of sustainability has become very crucial in present time for most of the manufacturing and processing firms due to ever increasing industrialisation which has increased exploitation level of natural resources. This exploitation level has come to a very serious situation along with different types of risks i.e. the risk of health and safety for workers and economic health of a customer. Therefore, it is very important that the industries must adopt sustainability measures while manufacturing and processing the products. However, sustainable humanitarian supply chain management (SHSCM) is broadly considered to promote economic, social and environmental equity for sustainable development in the community. Bhusan (2017) developed sustainable humanitarian supply chain model based on system dynamics comprising of various delivery subsystems and their interrelationship for community development.

According to estimates around 40% of marble waste is generated all over the world during quarrying operations in the form of rock fragments and being dumped either in nearby empty pits, roads, riverbeds, pasturelands, agricultural fields or landfills leading to wide spreading environmental pollution. Bhadra et al. (2007) found that around 400 years ago the mining activities started in the western part of India and in this region, these activities have given employment to around 2.5 lakh people. The quarrying activities are the blessing for workers as it provides jobs to the unemployed but at the same time it is very dangerous on the behalf of an anthropocentric. Therefore, these marble processing plants should be monitored and should be regulated in such a way that they remain accountable to the society. According to Habidin et al. (2013), most organisations decided to move from the existing quality improvement programs to sustainability practices and sustainable lean improvements initiative as a business strategy.

Hence, in order to evaluate the level of sustainability this study has considered three different marble processing firms from north-western region of India. A comprehensive questionnaire was prepared and sent to the firms. Industry experts were asked to evaluate various sustainability criteria based on its present situations in their firms through this questionnaire. This paper addresses the issue of selecting the best marble industry in adopting the sustainability concept using grey based decision-making approach. The main objectives of the paper are:

  • To identify sustainability criteria related to marble processing industries through literature;

  • To get expert opinion about criteria weights and criteria ratings for sustainable performance of Indian marble processing plants;

  • To rank the marble processing plants through developing grey based decision-making model.

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Literature Review

The related literature has been reviewed from two perspectives; first, identification of important criteria which forms a basis of sustainability evaluation in different marble processing firms through application of sustainability in marble sector and the literature supporting the grey approach & its application areas.

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