Homo Neuroeconomicus: A Review of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Game Trials on Economic Choice

Homo Neuroeconomicus: A Review of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Game Trials on Economic Choice

Torben Larsen (Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/IJUDH.2017010104
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Abstract

This paper discusses the development of a neuroeconomic model of decision-making (DM). The method used was a review of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of game trials on economic choice. Key centers in economic DM are Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex, Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex, Frontopolar Cortex, Orbitofrontal Cortex, Anterior Cingulate Cortex, Amygdala and Ventral Tegmentum. The interaction of these centers determines individual risk-preference (NeM). The validity of NeM is consolidated by lesion-studies. NeM shows that relaxation exercises are complementary to physical fitness in the maintenance of mental health. Further, NeM explains the effect of “Early home-supported discharge” and how chess games support the learning of mathematics.
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2. Materials And Method

Neuroeconomics is not yet a medical search term (MESH) in PubMed. Searching for “Neurueconomics, decision making and fMRI” finds 63 studies, out of which only Sanfey et al. (2003) is a primary trial on an economic choice. However, the reviews cited above, reference other relevant trials (registered in PubMed) as listed in Table 1.

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