Industrial Revolution 4.0: A New Challenge to Brunei Darussalam's Unemployment Issue

Industrial Revolution 4.0: A New Challenge to Brunei Darussalam's Unemployment Issue

Muhammad Azmi Sait (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei) and Muhammad Anshari (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/IJABIM.20211001.oa3
Article PDF Download
Open access articles are freely available for download

Abstract

Brunei Darussalam has been facing unemployment issue in the past few years. With the upcoming fourth industrial revolution (IR4.0) where there will be extensive use of machineries, robotics, and sensors, a shift in the job market is anticipated. This study aims to investigate the potential challenges on unemployment that Brunei Darussalam will face if it does not move in the necessary direction to embrace IR4.0. In addition to that, this study will analyze the current education system that Brunei implements and the e-readiness of its society to further make conclusion and recommendation on improvements Brunei should focus into as a preparation towards the digitalization era. Literature review is chosen as the most appropriate methodological approach to identify and evaluate the key points of this chosen topic. Multiple systematic literature reviews and research papers revolving around the relevant keywords were used extensively to construct the basic understanding of this paper's topic. Secondary data from previous research papers and national reports from 2014 to 2019 were used for to gain insights of Brunei Darussalam's education system, digital literacy, and e-readiness among the society. In conclusion, this study has shown that unemployment rate in Brunei Darussalam is believed to have not been amplified by the Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR4.0), given that the current employees are retrained and younger generations are equipped with digital literacy-based knowledge and soft skills.
Article Preview
Top

Introduction

Brunei Darussalam has been facing unemployment issue in the past few years. Unemployment among youths are seen to ever be increasing annually, due to a mismatch between the employees’ expectation and the skills that they have, among a plethora of factors that was addressed (Musa & Idris, 2020). With the upcoming fourth industrial revolution (IR4.0) which is the automation of everything, thus extensive use of machineries, robotics and sensors, a shift in the job market is anticipated. This paradigm shift will cause more employees losing jobs (i.e. increase of unemployment) and only a specific pool of human capitals able to retain their jobs because they have the necessary skills to stay relevant in the era of digitalization (de Pablos, 2002, 2003).

With the current unemployment issue in Brunei Darussalam, a significant portion of academia has raise the question of how developing countries would stay relevant in the near future and would the IR4.0 cause a further amplification of unemployment among its labor force. Brunei Darussalam’s long-term national development plan, “Wawasan 2035” aspires to keep the nation to stay relevant in the future, where the three outcomes and goals are for the people to be highly educated, skilled and accomplished, has high quality of life and for the nation to have a dynamic and sustainable economy.

Thus this study aims to investigate the potential challenges on unemployment that Brunei Darussalam will face shall it doesn’t move in the necessary direction to embrace IR4.0. In addition to that, this study will make analysis on the current education system that Brunei implements and the e-readiness of its society to further make conclusion and recommendation on improvements Brunei should focus into as a preparation towards the digitalization era.

Complete Article List

Search this Journal:
Reset
Volume 13: 2 Issues (2022): 1 Released, 1 Forthcoming
Volume 12: 4 Issues (2021)
Volume 11: 4 Issues (2020)
Volume 10: 4 Issues (2019)
Volume 9: 4 Issues (2018)
Volume 8: 4 Issues (2017)
Volume 7: 4 Issues (2016)
Volume 6: 4 Issues (2015)
Volume 5: 4 Issues (2014)
Volume 4: 4 Issues (2013)
Volume 3: 4 Issues (2012)
Volume 2: 4 Issues (2011)
Volume 1: 4 Issues (2010)
View Complete Journal Contents Listing