Integrating Patient Consent in e-Health Access Control

Integrating Patient Consent in e-Health Access Control

Kim Wuyts (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium), Riccardo Scandariato (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium), Griet Verhenneman (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium) and Wouter Joosen (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium)
Copyright: © 2011 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/jsse.2011040101
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Many initiatives exist that integrate e-health systems on a large scale. One of the main technical challenges is access control, although several frameworks and solutions, like XACML, are becoming standard practice. Data is no longer shared within one affinity domain but becomes ubiquitous, which results in a loss of control. As patients will be less willing to participate without additional control strategies, patient consents are introduced that allow the patients to determine precise access rules on their medical data. This paper explores the consequences of integrating consent in e-health access control. First, consent requirements are examined, after which an architecture is proposed which incorporates patient consent in the access control service of an e-health system. To validate the proposed concepts, a proof-of-concept implementation is built and evaluated.
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Sharing patient data on a large scale has a big impact on the patient’s privacy. Therefore, it is important that the patients themselves are also given the ability to determine rules concerning the access rights of their own data. This section is divided in a conceptual part and a more technical part. The first part provides an introduction to basic consent concepts and motivates the importance of patient consents. The second part derives from the legal analysis technical constraints for the format of a consent and its management (storage, access, etc.).

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