Integration of Web-Based Learning into Higher Education Institutions in Uganda: Teachers' Perspectives

Integration of Web-Based Learning into Higher Education Institutions in Uganda: Teachers' Perspectives

Baguma Asuman (Islamic University in Uganda, Mbale, Uganda), Md. Shahadat Hossain Khan (Islamic University of Technology, Gazipur City, Bangladesh) and Che Kum Clement (Islamic University of Technology, Gazipur City, Bangladesh)
DOI: 10.4018/IJWLTT.2018070103

Abstract

This article reports on the barriers encountered by teachers and the possible solutions to the integration of web-based learning (WBL) into higher educational institutions in Uganda. A total of 50 teachers in the departments of ICT, management, and social sciences from five different universities were purposively selected. A self-designed questionnaire was adapted to collect participants responses. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to analyze data. The findings indicate that teachers had a positive attitude to incorporate WBL into teaching and learning process, but they encountered some difficulties which were identified as slow internet speeds, insufficient web-based tools, lack of technical support, etc. It further identified possible enablers to overcome these difficulties and provides empirical evidence of incorporating new knowledge in the existing literature. It also provides recommendations in terms of overcoming difficulties to enhance and incorporate WBL in teaching and learning contexts of higher education in Uganda particularly and developing countries in general
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Introduction

Due to uptake of information and communication technology (ICT) and the accumulative salutation of the value of ICT on teaching and learning today, many educational institutes are using the web in various ways to promote teaching and learning (Chowdhury, 2009; Goktas et al, 2009; Jamieson-Proctor, Romina, Burnett, Paul C., Finger, Glenn, & Watson, 2006; Keengwe, Onchwari, & Wachira, 2008; X. Liu & Pange, 2014; Tezer & Ertarkan, 2010; Tezer & Karasel, 2009; Yılmaz, 2010). The web is offering many opportunities for enhancing quality teaching and learning in educational contexts in many developed countries (Hadjerrouit, 2010; Mioduser, Nachmias, Oren, & Lahav, 1999). Web based learning (WBL) is frequently called online learning or e-learning because it includes online course content (Avouris, Goutis, Markellos, Markellou, & Tsakalidis, 2003; Moore, Dickson-deane, & Galyen, 2011; Nam & Smith-jackson, 2007). It also includes discussion forums, videoconferencing, live lectures and more advanced features available in educational software through the web.

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