Integration of Wireless Technologies in Smart University Campus Environment: Framework Architecture

Integration of Wireless Technologies in Smart University Campus Environment: Framework Architecture

Yaser Khamayseh (Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan), Wail Mardini (Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan), Shadi Aljawarneh (Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan) and Muneer Bani Yassein (Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan)
DOI: 10.4018/ijicte.2015010104
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Abstract

In this paper, the authors are particularly interested in enhancing the education process by integrating new tools to the teaching environments. This enhancement is part of an emerging concept, called smart campus. Smart University Campus will come up with a new ubiquitous computing and communication field and change people's lives radically by providing systems and devices supported with smart technologies that have the capabilities of rapid respond to changes and circumstances without human interference, and it will be able to learn from these circumstances. This paper presents framework architecture for integrating various types of wireless networks into a smart university campus to enhance communication among students, instructors, and administration. Moreover, the authors study two possible applications to utilize the proposed networking framework: smart identification and social collaboration applications. An essential part to achieve the main principles of smart university campus is the deployment and usage of smart card technologies for identification and payment. Nowadays, there are several types of smart identification cards that support wireless technologies such as RFIDs and NFC. In both types, a card reader can read the card information from a distance. Moreover, in NFC cards, the card is integrated with the user's cellular phone. Social networking services (such as Facebook) facilitate online communication and provide a suitable environment for collaboration among students. As a part of future work, the proposed framework is deployed in the authors' university campus to find out the end-end performance and system usability.
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Wireless Technologies In Smart University Campus Environment

Bluetooth Networks

Bluetooth is an enabling communication technology that connects electrical devices wirelessly. It operates in the 2.4 GHz ISM (license free) frequency band. Devices (such as smart phones, headsets, tablets, and portable computers) communicate and send data to each other without the need for cables. The main attracting features of Bluetooth are: low cost, low size, and low power.

The Main Features of Bluetooth are:

  • It can be operated in the free 2.4GHz frequency band;

  • Transmission range between 10-100m;

  • Supports both point-to-point and point-to-multipoint connections to enable both infrastructure ad hoc local wireless modes.

ZigBee Networks

ZigBee is a standard designed for sensor networks based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard and created by the ZigBee Alliance (Specification, 2008), which incorporates hundreds of technological companies. ZigBee standard protocol was introduced by the ZigBee Alliance In 2002. ZigBee adopted IEEE 802.15.4 standards for its Physical Layer (PHY) and Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols. Moreover it defines the network layer specifications and provides the framework for the application layer (Farahani, 2008).

ZigBee work in Personal Area Networks (PAN’s) and device – to – device network, connectivity between small packet devices and control in many of applications such as light, switches, etc. ZigBee is originally designed o target battery power applications with low data rate, low cost, low power consummation and long battery life. ZigBee-based wireless devices operate in 868 MHz, 915 MHz, and 2.4 GHz frequency bands. The maximum data rate is 250 K bits per second.

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