Intent to Leave Versus Intent to Stay in Technology Organizations

Intent to Leave Versus Intent to Stay in Technology Organizations

Janine Silva Alves Bello (Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil) and Andrea Valéria Steil (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil)
DOI: 10.4018/IJHCITP.2020040106
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Abstract

The intention to leave a job and the intention to stay at the job are considered the best predictors of staff turnover or retention. Based on this assumption, this study is aimed at analyzing the relationship between demographic variables (employee age, gender, marital status, kinship responsibility, education level), attitudinal variables (job satisfaction, affective commitment to organization, carrier commitment) and behavioral intentions (employees' intention to leave the job and employees' intention to stay at the job). From June to December 2016, on-line questionnaires were applied to knowledge-intensive organizations employees in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. This article discusses the results and presents suggestions for further investigation.
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Literature Review And Hypothesis Development

The theory of planned behavior establishes that behavioral intention precedes volitional behavior. The intention to leave the organization is a deliberate desire to leave the job. It is a subjective estimate of the probability of an employee leaving the organization in the near future (Mowday, Porter, & Steers, 1982; Steil, Floriani & Bello, 2019). It is the strongest cognitive variable that precedes the employees’ effective resignation (Wasti, 2003). The intention to stay in the organization has been defined as the employees’ conscious and deliberate desire to stay in the organization in which they work (Tett & Meyer, 1993).

Figure 1 presents the conceptual model of this research. The model presents the relationships between demographic and attitudinal variables with the intentions of leaving and staying voluntarily in organizations.

Figure 1.

Research model: Relations between demographic and attitudinal variables with intention to stay and intention to leave the organization

IJHCITP.2020040106.f01

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