An Investigation into whether Building Information Modelling (BIM) can Assist with Construction Delay Claims

An Investigation into whether Building Information Modelling (BIM) can Assist with Construction Delay Claims

David-John Gibbs (DAQS Ltd, Stokes Suite, Unit 7A, East Bridgford Business Park, Kneeton Road, East Bridgford, Nottingham, England, UK), Stephen Emmitt (School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, England, UK), Kirti Ruikar (School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, England, UK) and Wayne Lord (School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, England, UK)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 8
DOI: 10.4018/ij3dim.2013010105
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Abstract

It is probable that a construction project anywhere in the world will encounter some form of delay as a consequence of change. The impact of the delay on a project will vary, but it is likely to have a negative financial outcome. Compensation can be requested by an affected party in the form of a claim; however, issues of liability and quantum can be difficult given the ever increasing complexity of construction work involving numerous differing successive parallel tasks with varying levels of interrelated resources. Experts are often employed to analyse delays based on project records and report their findings to a tribunal. This paper identifies the difficulties associated with the retrieval and representation of information for delay claims and recognises technological opportunities to deal with these challenges. The potential to exploit aspects of BIM to support these possibilities are discussed, concluding that it can assist through the ease of access to coordinated contemporaneous project information and the use of visualisation through multiple dimensions. In order to support this initiative a detailed review of the literature is undertaken which forms part of an Engineering Doctorate.
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Delay

The term delay is exhaustively used in the construction industry; however, no standard form of construction contract defines the term due to the comparative nature in which it is used (Pickavance, 2010). For the purpose of this paper, delays are referred to as an unanticipated extension to the overall planned time period and/or the incident which prolongs the duration of an activity without affecting the overall project duration (Bramble, 2000). Therefore, the process of analysing delays can be viewed as the forensic investigation into an issue which has caused a time overrun (Farrow, 2001). This is distinctly different from disruption, a term generally conjoined with delay, which is the loss of efficiency due to low productivity or an interference with progress (Cooke, 2009). The topic of disruption is not considered in this paper; however, both delay and disruption can result in a claim and some of the discussion may be transferable.

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