Is There Population with Tertiary Education in Romania Still Interested in Research?

Is There Population with Tertiary Education in Romania Still Interested in Research?

Radu Serban Zaharia (Romanian-American University, Bucharest, Romania), Marian Zaharia (Faculty of Economic Sciences, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, Ploieşti, Romania) and Alecu Alexandra (Faculty of Economic Sciences, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti, Ploiesti, Romania)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/IJSEM.2015100104
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Abstract

In the past 25 years, in Romania, the intensity of R & D activities has declined significantly in most industries. This trend was driven primarily by the lower attention of the government policies of governments after 1990, resulting in particularly low share of research spending in GDP. This had a double negative impact. On one side was affected material basis of research, while on the other side salary levels of researchers along with education and health, remained at very low levels. Based on these considerations the paper examines the evolution of percentage of researchers in total employment in correlation with factors as: the percentage of population with tertiary educational attainment level, the percentage of total intramural R&D expenditure in GDP, the percentage of R&D labour costs in GDP in Romania, compared to Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Hungary and Poland. Unfortunately, in what concerns us, the answer is negative.
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Introduction

Scientific research for modern societies is a determining factor in ensuring economic competitiveness and growth. The development of leading technologies required not only the allocation of financial resources, but also human resource provision with high scientific training. The human society is facing some massive challenges and changes triggered by technological progress beyond state borders. In this context, higher education, more research and development, constitute the factors of sustainable growth modelers.

Research and development tend to become during these current economic conditions the main driving forces in ensuring sustainable long-term economic growth in the EU-28. They surpassed the primary factors to be considered necessary and compulsory only in the developmental knowledge society in the EU-28 Member States, becoming sources of creating new jobs. In this context it has more pressing issues to what extent young university graduates are attracted to the development of scientific research activities and are willing to accept a job in science or research.

From this perspective stimulating youth employment in the Research and Development sector (R&D) will help increase knowledge of available resources, it will also improve product quality and scientific level and will strengthen the competitiveness of the sector.

Thus (Karthikesalingam and Holt, 2012), referring to the benefits of making a career in medicine by young people, argues that this profession pose a challenge both intellectual and practical for youngsters, who are forced to apply the classical knowledge and participate in the development of new, innovative, involving several research and documentation.

Douglass and Thuram, (2015), trying to find out the influence that library skills curriculum has on professional development and promotion of new technologies and tools in achieving academic performance, concludes that students' access to the research tools significantly influences the developmental new opportunities hiring and promotion of new skills, significantly increasing their inclination to opt for an academic career. Studies such as (Fenwick et al., 2012; Powell et al., 2012; Fleming-May and Douglass, 2014) highlights the multiple aspects that young graduates and possible future researchers must achieve from professional learning and practical, continuing spectator related expenditures, efficiency, and effectiveness in achieving educational policy and ending with the question what do you give to the undergraduate researcher who has everything.

Research institutions and universities have two different ways to promote and stimulate young people in the development of activities of R & D in order to reduce and overcome a possible imbalance of recruitment in this area. The first is to establish guidelines defined in performing procedures of recruiting young researchers through doctoral programs or promoting fellowships among youngsters or actively promote policies to attract, selection and employment of young people in th existing research projects and financial motivation to increase the attractiveness of their R & D field.

Also research institutions have available tools such as informal invitations addressed to young people with potential to apply for a job in the field of R&D sector these being a common practice. There are also a number of studies (Oancea, 2005; Coburn and Talbert, 2006; Hess, 2008; Levin and Edelstein, 2010) calling into question the need to orient scientific research to requirements imposed by policy-makers and private companies work.

In modern knowledge based economies, the R&D is of fundamental importance. A country with a low level of R & D activities is virtually dependent on the technologies of others, which basically emphasizes its economic dependence.

As (Sandu and Modoran, 2008) argues the R&D activities are a source of productivity growth and long-term economic efficiency, both at the country and regional levels (Goschin, 2014). On the other hand, in globalization context, an important role, especially in developing countries, is attracting foreign investments in research and development (Odrobina, 2012).

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