Knowledge Discovery and Multimodal Inputs for Driving an Intelligent Wheelchair

Knowledge Discovery and Multimodal Inputs for Driving an Intelligent Wheelchair

Brígida Mónica Faria (University of Aveiro, Institute of Electronics and Telematics Engineering of Aveiro, Polytechnic Institute of Porto & Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science Laboratory of University, Porto, Portugal), Luís Paulo Reis (University of Minho & Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science Laboratory of University, Porto, Portugal) and Nuno Lau (University of Aveiro & Institute of Electronics and Telematics Engineering of Aveiro, Portugal)
Copyright: © 2011 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/jkdb.2011100102

Abstract

Cerebral Palsy is defined as a group of permanent disorders in the development of movement and posture. The motor disorders in cerebral palsy are associated with deficits of perception, cognition, communication, and behaviour, which can affect autonomy and independence. The interface between the user and an intelligent wheelchair can be done with several input devices such as joysticks, microphones, and brain computer interfaces (BCI). BCI enables interaction between users and hardware systems through the recognition of brainwave activity. The current BCI systems have very low accuracy on the recognition of facial expressions and thoughts, making it difficult to use these devices to enable safe and robust commands of complex devices like an Intelligent Wheelchair. This paper presents an approach to expand the use of a brain computer interface for driving an intelligent wheelchair by patients suffering from cerebral palsy. The ability with the joystick, head movements, and voice inputs were tested, and the best possibility for driving the wheelchair is given to a specific user. Experiments were performed using 30 individuals suffering from IV and V degrees of cerebral palsy on the Gross Motor Function (GMF) measure. The results show that the pre-processing and variable selection methods are effective to improve the results of a commercial BCI product by 57%. With the developed system, it is also possible for users to perform a circuit in a simulated environment using just facial expressions and thoughts.
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Intelligent Wheelchairs And Multimodal Inputs

This section presents the state of art of intelligent wheelchairs and the available input devices that can be used to drive the IWs.

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