Managing Real-Time Information Within BIM-Based Processes for Assessing Building Behaviours in Operation

Managing Real-Time Information Within BIM-Based Processes for Assessing Building Behaviours in Operation

Daniela Pasini (Politecnico di Milano, Department of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction Engineering, Milan, Italy), Angelo Luigi Camillo Ciribini (University of Brescia, Department of Civil, Environmental, Architectural Engineering and Mathematics, Brescia, Italy) and Bruno Daniotti (Politecnico di Milano, Department of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction Engineering, Milan, Italy)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJ3DIM.2016100103

Abstract

Considering the remarkable shift that the digitalisation is nowadays bringing about in the building sector, the paper focuses on how the great amount of data collected around assets is changing the way buildings are operated, particularly for what concerns innovation on products, processes and technologies. By establishing a connection between as-designed virtual models and as-delivered physical assets, the paper presents methods and tools based on information management and developed for assessing building behaviours in operation and for defining control strategies for satisfying user needs. The research aims to investigate how the building process could benefit from the availability of multi-faceted information collected in real time (e.g. through sensors) during the operational stages of buildings. Digitally-enabled practices and technologies have been developed and tested for improving a data-driven asset management, by enriching Building Information Models through data gathered through Building Management Systems, according to the Industry Foundation Classes schema.
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Introduction

The digitalisation is nowadays bringing about a remarkable shift in the building sector, forcing its reorganisation from several perspectives. Iterative, integrated and organic processes are substituting traditional linear processes, enabling communication and collaboration among several stakeholders, and encouraging integration of actors with specific skills. This paradigm shift, also connected to the implementation of processes relying on information modelling and management, is firmly endorsed by several stakeholders. Such consideration is proven not only by the great efforts that led (or are leading) to the publication of directives, guidelines and standards (Table 1), but also by the strong research activities carried on through academic and non-academic initiatives (e.g., EU BIM Task Group and building SMART).

Table 1.
Examples of results achieved or expected to be achieved by organisations and committees for standardisation working on BIM (the list is not exhaustive for what concerns both the working groups and the results)
LevelWorking GroupResults (Achieved or Expected)
InternationalISO/TC 59/SC 13EN ISO 19650-1 - Information management using building information modelling - Part 1: Concepts and principles
EN ISO 19650-2 - Information management using building information modelling - Part 2: Delivery phase of the assets
ISO 22263:2008 - Organization of information about construction works - Framework for management of project information
ISO/TS 12911:2012 - Framework for building information modelling (BIM) guidance
ISO 29481-1:2016 - Building information models - Information delivery manual - Part 1: Methodology and format
ISO 29481-2:2012 - Building information models - Information delivery manual - Part 2: Interaction framework
EuropeanCEN/TC 442prEN ISO 29481-1 - Building information models - Information delivery manual - Part 1: Methodology and format
EN ISO 12006-3:2016 - Building construction - Organization of information about construction works - Part 3: Framework for object-oriented information
NationalUNI/CT 033/GL 05 - ItalyUNI 11337-1 - Models and informative objects for products and processes
pr UNI 11337-2 - Criteria for the classification of models, products and processes
pr UNI 11337-3 - Models for collecting, organizing and storing technical information about construction products (digital datasheets for products and processes)
UNI 11337-4 - Evolution and development of information for models and objects
UNI 11337-5 - Information flows in digital processes
pr UNI 11337-6 - Guidelines for information requirements
pr UNI 11337-7 - Requirements for knowledge, skills and expertise of stakeholders involved in digital information management processes
pr UNI 11337-8 - Construction project management, information modelling and management
NationalBSI B/555 - UKBS 1192:2007 - Collaborative production of architectural, engineering and construction information - Code of practice
PAS 1192-2:2013 - Specification for information management for the capital/delivery phase of construction projects using Building Information Modelling
PAS 1192-3:2014 - Specification for information management for the operational phase of assets using Building Information Modelling
NationalNA 005-01-39 AA - GermanyDIN EN ISO 29481-1:2016 - Building information models - Information delivery manual - Part 1: Methodology and format

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