A Markup Approach to Surveys and Questionnaires

A Markup Approach to Surveys and Questionnaires

Jeffrey Hsu (Rutgers University, USA) and Murray Turoff (New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA)
Copyright: © 1996 |Pages: 8
DOI: 10.4018/joeuc.1996100103
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Abstract

Markup languages are becoming widely used in the formatting and processing of text, especially with the increased interest in electronic publishing, and the Internet. Descriptive markup is of particular importance, because it allows a description of a document or text element which is independent of its final form and output. The creation of survey questionnaires is an important and widely-used application in the area of text processing, and an important component of any markup language standard should be the inclusion of markups for survey question types. This paper presents the design of descriptive markup functions to support the survey application and to extend the utility of the markup approach. It proposes markups which should serve as an extension to existing markup standards. The benefits of markup command-language methods as opposed to standard directmanipulation WYSIWYG approaches is also discussed.

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