Model of Meta-Reflection and In-Depth Analysis of Knowledge Creation Process in Design

Model of Meta-Reflection and In-Depth Analysis of Knowledge Creation Process in Design

Georgi V. Georgiev (Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan) and Yukari Nagai (Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan)
Copyright: © 2011 |Pages: 19
DOI: 10.4018/jkss.2011040104
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This paper proposes a model of meta-reflection and in-depth analysis of the knowledge creation process (KCP). The authors focus on observation of the KCP in research on creative design. The new method of meta-reflection is applied both to reflection on ‘research about design creativity’ and object of research—‘design creativity’. One result of the applied method of meta-reflection was that the analysis of KCP in research on design involved different tacit forms of knowledge and creativity and included a wide spectrum of knowledge processes and knowledge types. The roots of creativity and imagination were identified, which then stemmed into certain parts of research activities, such as development of hypotheses and theory proposition. The authors produced a model of meta-reflection (MMR) and an in-depth analysis of the KCP. This study is a step that provides understanding of the role that human creativity and imagination play in research.
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Knowledge Creation Process

In this paper, we understand the knowledge process as various kinds of knowledge-related work that are carried out in the context of the project under investigation. The knowledge creation process (KCP) is the process of making tacit knowledge explicit (Nonaka et al., 2000).

Moreover, the dynamics of organizational knowledge creation are characterized by the knowledge creation spiral (Nonaka & Toyama, 2003). The spiral’s main characteristic is conversion between tacit and explicit knowledge—represented in a model with the basic steps of socialization, externalization, combination and internalization (SECI-model).

These kinds of models of KCP help one to understand the nature of knowledge creation and manage the KCP effectively. To do this, it is particularly important to understand individuals’ reflection on the KCP.


In our framework, we adopt the following definitions:

  • Reflection – Critical and thoughtful consideration of knowledge processes (Schön, 1983; Rodgers, 2002). This consideration is facilitated by applied knowledge creation theories and fundamental concepts from those theories.

  • Meta-reflection – Reflection included in the perspective of the knowledge process and its inherent reflection (reflected reflection).

Reflection and meta-reflection are the essential parts of the method used in this paper. Moreover, reflection is understood as inquiry into processes otherwise considered intuitive or creative (Schön, 1983). These processes might be placed within the framework of reflective ‘conversation with the situation’, which can partially account for cases such as scientific investigation or engineering design.

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