MOOCs as Supplement of Informal Education

MOOCs as Supplement of Informal Education

Malgorzata B. Pankowska (Information Systems Department, University of Economics in Katowice, Katowice, Poland)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/IJEA.2017010102
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Abstract

The contribution covers discussion on informal university learning, which is a part of heutagogy. In the paper, the university learning is considered as autopoietic organization development as well as development of business organization strongly dependent on external knowledge resources. In general, university education space covers formal, informal, and non-formal learning. Nowadays, informal learning has an excellent opportunity for development, because of Web 2.0 ideas and solutions. In the paper, the architecture of informal learning environment is visualized in ArchiMate 4.0 beta version language. The main goal of the paper is to present informal learning architecture as supplement to the formal learning. The MOOCs (massive open online courses) are included in the architecture model for informal learning support.
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Introduction

With Web 2.0 technology, students are exposed to multiple knowledge spaces in a single learning environment in contrast to the traditional classroom knowledge acquisition. Web 2.0 technology provides students a conversation space for elaborating ideas as well as for social negotiation and deliberation processes among Internet users. So, they have opportunities to criticize, correct and finally transform their concepts additionally accepted by the online community. The paper focuses on informal learning, where social networking plays an important role, however, problem of university education is much more complex. The rest of this paper is organized as follows: the paper starts form the discussion on heutagogy, which encourages to treat university as autopoietic organization. Next, the resource dependence theory is used for the explanation that university needs the external knowledge resources for its educational process realization and support. The most important part of the paper includes model of architecture of informal university learning. That activity is rather complex, therefore, mainly massive open online courses (MOOCs) are emphasized in the informal learning model, which is considered as supplement of informal learning.

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