Motivational Influences on Project Risk Management and Team Performance

Motivational Influences on Project Risk Management and Team Performance

James Williams Akpan (Department of Business Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/IJRCM.2015070103
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Abstract

This article was designed to evaluate motivational influences on project team performance. The specific objectives were to examine the various theories of motivation, motivation strategies and to establish the correlation between motivation and the project team performance measured by the extent to which a project is completed within the context of such project constraint factors such as cost, time, technology etc. The desk and descriptive research designs were used and data collected from existing documents and materials such as journals, periodicals, textbooks, magazine and internet. The data were analysed qualitatively and descriptively. It was discovered that the public sector projects including road project sampled for this work were doing well as a result of inadequate motivation of the project members aside from other factors, such as poor funding or delays in the release of funds. Consequent upon this, it was recommended that, a comprehensive motivation package should be worked out and set aside for project team members as well as evolution of well-defined structure of incentives based on the peculiar attributes of team members and the projects task or activities that must be accomplished, among other. It was therefore concluded that although motivation exerts significant influences on project team performance, it should always be blended with other management functions critical to enhanced project team performance.
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2. Nature And Concept Of Projects

A project is a finite endeavor (having specific start and completion dates) undertaken to create a unique product or service which brings about beneficial change or added value. This finite characteristic of projects stands in contrast to processes, or operations, which are permanent or semi-permanent functional work to repetitively produce the same product or service (Dinsmore, eta al, 2005). It is also defined as, a sequence of unique, complex and connected activities having one goal or purpose and that must be completed by a specific time within budget and according to specification (Ucdavis, 2013). It is perhaps pertinent to point out here that myriads of definitions have been espoused on the subject and that this paper is not intended for a review of these varying concepts. However, every project has, within the definitional context, certain commonalities in character. Every project has a scope, budget and schedule. Moreover, project activities are time bound constrained by need for quality and performance. Other characteristics of a project include uniqueness in terms of its products and service.

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