NextGen Technologies Shape the Future of Aviation

NextGen Technologies Shape the Future of Aviation

Lori J. Brown (College of Aviation, Western Michigan University, Battle Creek, MI, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/ijatem.2011070103
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Abstract

Today, wireless technology forms the communications backbone of many industries—including aviation, transportation, government, and defense. The era of the Next Generation Air Transportation System, (NextGen), is upon us. The Federal Aviation Administration, in collaboration with industry, is deploying NextGen technology on the ground, in the air, at air traffic control facilities and in the cockpit. These new technologies in aviation represent a global, transformative change. NextGen blends new and existing technologies, including satellite navigation and digital communications, to improve safety outcomes, increase on time performance, offer reduced fuel burn and positively impact aviation's adverse environmental concerns. Significant growth in technologies like global connectivity and cloud computing over the last few years has begun to unlock potential for seamless wireless communications, improved training processes, real-time weather and navigational displays. While technology has spurred improvements in aviation, basic hands-free wireless communication between flight attendants and pilots is still viewed as inadequate by industry professionals.
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Nextgen Transformational & Supporting Technologies Explained (Faa, 2013)

Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B)

The satellite-based successor to radar. ADS-B makes use of GPS technology to determine and share precise aircraft location information, and streams additional flight information to the cockpits of properly equipped aircraft.

Collaborative Air Traffic Management Technologies (CATMT)

A suite of enhancements to decision-support and data-sharing tools used by air traffic management personnel. These enhancements will enable a more collaborative environment among controllers and operators, improving efficiency in the national airspace system.

Data Communications (Data Comm)

Enable controllers to send digital instructions and clearances to pilots. visual messages that appear on a cockpit display interact with an aircraft's flight computer. Offering reduced opportunities for error, Data Comm will supplant voice communications as the primary means of communication between controllers and flight crews.

Nextgen Network Enabled Weather (NNEW)

Cost-effective LOW LATENCY, accurate weather information. Through the sharing of common weather data, NNEW will enhance safety and support collaborative decision making. gOES-R: next generation of geosynchronous environmental satellites which will provide atmospheric and surface measurements of the Earth’s Western Hemisphere.

The National Airspace System Voice System (NVS)

State-of-the-art digital technology. NVS will standardize the voice communication infrastructure among FAA facilities, and provide greater flexibility to the air traffic control system.

Swim System Wide Information Management (SWIM)

NextGen digital information network. real-time data exchange and sharing among users of the National Airspace System.

The Atlantic Interoperability Initiative (AIRE)

(AIRE) is a cooperative agreement to reduce emissions -between the United States and the European Commission to promote and harmonize environmental initiatives and procedures in European and North American airspace.

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